Web 2.0

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Web 2.0

An umbrella term for the second wave of the World Wide Web, which was coined in a conference on the subject in 2004 by O'Reilly Media and CMP Media (later taking its parent name of United Business Media). Sometimes called the "New Internet" as well as "Internet 2.0," Web 2.0 is not a specific technology; rather, it refers to two major paradigm shifts. The one most often touted is "user-generated content," which relates more to individuals. The second, which is equally significant, but more related to business, is "cloud computing."

#1 - The User Rules!



User-generated content, comprising Wikipedia, Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and myriad blogs, lets everyone have their say on anything and publish it to the world at large. People can easily create a blog or personal Web page and upload their own opinions, audio and video. Users are augmenting the news by reporting current events sometimes faster and with details overlooked or ignored by the professional news media.

Although millions of opinions and videos, often very amateurish, only add to our information overload, a significant advantage to user-generated content is that truly talented authors, artists, musicians and moviemakers can gain an audience much more easily than they could in the past. Word of mouth via the Internet is worth a fortune in promotion (see viral post and viral video). Web 2.0 levels the playing field in all arenas just as the PC leveled the playing field in business. See Mobile 2.0, hot topics and trends, blog, wiki, social networking site, user reviews, YouTube and paradigm.

#2 - Cloud Computing



In cloud computing, data and applications are stored on Web servers, and a user has access from any computer via a Web browser. Cloud computing turns the Web into a gigantic application server that replaces locally installed office applications, although both local and cloud-based apps are widely used together. Another facet of cloud computing relates to developers and Web publishers (see cloud computing).

Cloud services have significant impact on the type of personal computers people choose. As more software is executed from scripts embedded in Web pages, the CPU chips and operating systems become less relevant. Web browsers interpret scripts the same regardless of the hardware and software environment they reside in (most of the time, that is). See ASP, Web application, thin client and Enterprise 2.0.

What Caused Web 2.0?



Bandwidth and power. Faster than the costly T1 lines used in the enterprise, new cable, DSL and FiOS hookups extended high-speed connections to individuals and small businesses. Browsing Web pages full of images as well as downloading huge video files have become routine.

In addition, entry-level computers became powerful enough to execute scripts in an HTML page without noticeable delays. Combined with refinements in Web programming (see AJAX), the Web became a transparent extension of an individual's PC just as local area networks (LANs) extended the user's computing resources inside the enterprise throughout the 1980s and 1990s.

Web 1.0 - The Beginning
In the mid-1990s, the Web began as a repository of information and static content. Within a couple years, a huge amount of content was dynamic, returning custom results to users. By the turn of the century, the Web became much more interactive (call it Web 1.5), allowing users to play, stop, rewind and fast forward through audio and video content. With Web 2.0, Web-based apps feel like and run as smoothly as local applications. See Web 3.0.
References in periodicals archive ?
Web2.0 is the development of the Internet to a new stage of the general term, represents a new network model.
Other goals of the game included their learning about the ARG genre for possible integration in science teaching and as a narrative approach to science curriculum design, and learning to use the associated Web2.0 ICT (i.e., blogs, wikis, and screen capture software).
Telecom executives from four of the region's operators discussed challenges including LTE adoption and the role of operators in the Web2.0 era at the recent Arab Advisors Media and Telecoms Convergence conference in Amman, Jordan.
"The tutorial includes blogs and sites like YouTube and most useful Web2.0 user-generated interaction sites to bring the global village to the tip of the students' fingers."
Their topics include a service delivery platform for the next-generation network, service innovation for electronic services, service orchestration in the Internet Protocol multimedia subsystem, a personalization paradigm in service delivery platforms, tele-measurement services for m-learning, and participatory immigration policy-making and harmonization services based on collaborative Web2.0 technologies.
Other areas examined are the different uses of some web2.0 and library 2.0 tools which are seen as new Internet tools.
Web2.0 has changed everything about the way we can do business in libraries today.
It is also India's first major Web2.0 news site with blogs, podcasts and citizen journalism.
The vital milestone portal, adopting the second generation of the internet known as web2.0, has three electronic wallets in which users can assemble their items.
State Department websites have been deleted" would seem to be in contradiction to the spirit of engagement and dialogue - also with people who disagree -that underlies the State Department's web2.0 efforts.
The Librain includes her thoughts on school librarianship, Web2.0 and the future.
Although they have tried to give the site a very web2.0 feel with lots of Ajax but that has actually become a little annoying for navigation.