Gumbel was equally disturbed by the apparent collusion of the Socialist-led Weimar government
in the murders of the prominent Communist political leaders, Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxembourg.
He was a fierce opponent of the Weimar government
, which he saw as being merely a puppet of a perceived capitalist/militarist conspiracy to oppress the masses.
Even the sharpened violence of 1932 resulted in only nine deaths in Saxony, and the Weimar government
's ban on the Nazi SA was effective in Saxony (and throughout Germany) (262).
The same groups were very active then, the small farmers, the independent small businesses, the self-employed, those who felt they were getting a raw deal from the Weimar government
, and those who had political ambitions.
Indeed, all indications suggest that these funding organizations probably drew on local figures from the professions, the civil service, and from small or middle level business circles, not from the captains of industry It was from just such small and middling businesses that the NSDAP received its greatest financial support, Turner argues convincingly These businessmen were far more vulnerable to the economic vicissitudes of the period than the great industrial giants, and they were extremely resentful of what they considered to be the preferential treatment accorded the great corporations by the Weimar government
. indeed, it was to these elements of the German Mittelstand that the Nazis directed so much of their propaganda in 1930-32, hoping to capitalize on precisely such anger
Yet strict observance of the Dawes Plan dictated severe deflationary, policies for Germany, policies that would require the Weimar government
to impose heavy taxes, maintain a balanced budget, create an export surplus, and tolerate high unemployment.