dachshund

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Related to Weiner dog: Daschund

dachshund

dachshund (dăksˈho͝ond, –ənd, dăshˈ–), breed of small, short-legged hound developed in Germany over hundreds of years. It stands from 5 to 9 in. (13–23 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs from 5 to 20 lb (2–9 kg). There are six varieties of dachshund: the smooth-haired, with a short, glossy coat; the long-haired, with a soft and silky coat; the wire-haired, with a short, harsh coat; and miniatures of each of these types. The color may be black or chocolate marked with tan, or various shades of solid red. Originally bred to hunt badgers, the dachshund was later used on a wide variety of small ground game. The 12-lb (5-kg) miniature variety was perfected to hunt hares. Today the dachshund is raised primarily as a house pet. See dog.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Dachshund

 

a breed of hunting dog used for hunting such animals as badgers, foxes, and raccoon dogs in their burrows. Dachshunds have long bodies, very short legs, tapering heads, and drooping ears; the tail is swordlike.

The dachshund has been known since antiquity—as early as 2000 B.C. in Egypt. The modern large-sized, medium-sized, and miniature breeds were developed in Europe, principally Germany, in the middle of the 18th century. In the USSR, large-sized dachshunds (16–27 cm tall at the shoulder) in three varieties are bred for hunting: smooth-coated, long-haired, and wire-haired. The coat may be reddish brown, brown, black, or dappled gray. Dachshunds are also bred in many countries as pets.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

dachshund

a long-bodied short-legged breed of dog
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005