chloral hydrate

(redirected from Welldorm)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.
Related to Welldorm: Welldorm Elixir

chloral hydrate

(klōr`əl hī`drāt), central nervous system depressantdepressant,
any one of various substances that diminish functional activity, usually by depressing the nervous system. Barbiturates, sedatives, alcohol, and meprobamate are all depressants. Depressants have various modes of action and effects.
..... Click the link for more information.
 that is widely used as a hypnotic, or sleep-inducing drug. Chloral hydrate is the common ingredient, along with alcohol, in what are popularly known as knockout drops or Mickey Finns; the combination can induce acute intoxication and coma.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Chloral Hydrate

 

also known as 2,2,2-trichloroeth-anediol-1,1, CCl3CH(OH)2; colorless crystals that are soluble in water, alcohol, and ether and have a melting point of 53°C. Chloral hydrate is obtained by the interaction of chloral and water. It is a medicinal preparation belonging to the hypnotic group of drugs. It also exhibits sedative, analgesic, and antispasmodic effects. It is taken orally in powder or tablet form or rectally, mainly by persons with sleeping problems or person suffering from anxiety or epilepsy. It is a constituent of Denta tooth drops.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

chloral hydrate

[′klȯr·əl ′hī‚drāt]
(organic chemistry)
CCl3CH(OH)2 Colorless, deliquescent needles with slightly bitter caustic taste, soluble in water; a hypnotic. Also known as crystalline chloral; hydrated chloral.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

chloral hydrate

a colourless crystalline soluble solid produced by the reaction of chloral with water and used as a sedative and hypnotic; 2,2,2-trichloro-1,1-ethanediol. Formula: CCl3CH(OH)2
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005