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(Madoc ap Owain Gwynedd) (măd`ək, mä`–), fl. 1170?, quasi-historical Welsh prince. According to Welsh legend, Madoc, said to be a son of Owain GwyneddOwain Gwynedd
, d. 1170, prince of North Wales (1137–70). During the troubled reign of King Stephen of England, Owain and other Welsh princes were able to reoccupy much territory earlier wrested from them by the Anglo-Normans.
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, discovered America 300 years before Columbus. Witnesses' accounts of finding supposedly Welsh-speaking Native Americans have served to keep alive the story, which is otherwise unsupported by evidence. He is the subject of Robert Southey's Madoc.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Lewis who might have heard of the Welsh Indians, did find the Mandan tribe thought to be Prince Madoc's descendants, but by that time the tribe had been almost wiped out by smallpox.
And it was a few decades after this surge in interest that George Catlin, a lawyer and portrait painter from Philadelphia, spent eight years with the Mandan tribe of North Dakota, most associated with the fabled Welsh Indians. But Senior says it was when he was told of the alleged link that he began tailoring his evidence to ``prove'' the Mandans to be the lost Welsh tribe.
WELSH INDIANS Mandan words Catlin used to support his theory
In 1568, David Ingram reported Welsh Indians in Canada.
Davies' ardor leads him to downplay certain things such as the Civil War (presumably an English affair), ideas about Welsh Indians in America, and the colorful characters Iolo Morganwg and William Price with their interest in Druids.
In an interview with music magazine Q, Gruff reveals that he has family ties to explorer John Evans, who left North Wales in 1792 in search of the fabled Madoc Welsh Indians.
Other authors have suggested that the coracle appears in the US because of its use by the so-called "Welsh Indians", an apparently Welsh-speaking tribe of native Americans that appears in anec-dotefrom early settlers.
"Lewis was part of the next generation who came from Welsh settlers and coincidentally his exploration came after that of John Evans of Waunfawr, near Caernarfon who tried to look for a 'lost tribe' of Welsh Indians descended from Prince Madog.
The custom of bundling was evidently known to the 19th-century American ethnologist and painter George Catlin: while studying the Mandans - the tribe of 'Welsh Indians' allegedly descended from Madog ab Owain Gwynedd and company - Catlin identified several supposedly Welsh practices among the tribe, including an inclination to 'prattle' during sexual intercourse.
He had tremendous adventures, took huge risks, and carried a Welsh bible to speak to the Welsh Indians when he found them.
The Madoc Plan aims to raise the heritage profile of Rhos on Sea by focusing on the possibility that modern America was founded from the seaside village, as well as the impact on developing American culture of the Welsh Indian community.

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