Wergeland, Henrik Arnold

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Wergeland, Henrik Arnold


Born June 17, 1808, in Kristiansand; died July 12, 1845, in Christiania (Oslo). Norwegian poet, Journalist, and public figure. Born into the family of a pastor.

Wergeland was an ideologist of peasant democracy. His lyrical-epic poem Creation, Humanity, and Messiah (1830), filled with antityranny motifs and Utopian socialist ideas, reflected dreams of a democratic republic. In the collections Poems, First Cycle (1829) and Poems, Second Cycle (1833), he attacked European reaction and defended Polish revolutionaries, Negroes in the USA, and Norwegian workers. In the farces Oh !(1827), Parrot (1835), and The Last Clever Man (1835), published under the pseudonym of Siful Sifadda, Wergeland criticized the conservative press and reactionary romantics. He influenced H. Ibsen, B. Bjørn-son, N. Grieg, and other writers.


Samlede skrifter, vols. 1-23. Christiania, 1918-40.
Skrifter, vols. 1-8. Oslo, 1957-62.


Beyer, H. Henrik Wergeland. Oslo, 1946.
Kabell, A. Wergeland, vols. 1-2. Oslo, 1956-57.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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