Wernicke's encephalopathy


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Related to Wernicke's encephalopathy: Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome, Korsakoff's syndrome

Wernicke's encephalopathy

[′ver·nə‚kēz in‚sef·ə′läp·ə·thē]
(medicine)
A disease due to thiamine deficiency, characterized by vomiting, ophthalmoplegia, ptosis, nystagmus, ataxia, weakness, dementia, and hemorrhaging of neurons around the third ventricle, cerebral aqueduct, and mammillary bodies.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Royal College of Physicians report on alcohol: Guidelines for managing Wernicke's encephalopathy in the accident and Emergency Department.
Usefulness of CT and MR imaging in the diagnosis of acute Wernicke's encephalopathy.
Wernicke's encephalopathy as a complication of gastroparesis after emergency partial antrectomy.
Principally Wernicke's encephalopathy is a nutrition deficiency disorder due to brain damage caused by lack of thiamine, most frequently seen in chronic alcoholic patients characterised by a triad of mental confusion, ataxia and ophthalmoplegia.
These pregnant women may uncommonly lead to Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE), which manifests with diplopia, amnesia, confusion, apathy, and vestibular paresia.
Only later, when the physician happens to speak to students about the initial description of Wernicke's encephalopathy, due to prolonged vomiting and malnutrition, does he realize the scope of his error.
WKS typically consists of two components, a short-lived and severe condition called Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) and a long-lasting and debilitating condition known as Korsakoff's psychosis.
If vomiting has gone on for at least 3 weeks, intravenous fluids must be accompanied by 100 mg IV of thiamine daily to prevent Wernicke's encephalopathy, marked by nystagmus, ataxia, visual disturbance, memory loss, and in some cases maternal death.
A number of recent cases (10-14) describing Wernicke's encephalopathy from hyperemesis have reported complications including blindness, convulsions and coma in the mother.
Encephalopathy after persistent vomiting: Three cases of non-alcohol related Wernicke's encephalopathy.