West African Subregion

West African Subregion

 

a zoogeographical subregion of the Ethiopian Region, comprising the wet tropical forests (rain forests) of West Africa. The fauna of the subregion, in its most characteristic forms, is found in the basins of the Congo and lower Niger. The West African Subregion is distinguished by its numerous species of climbing animals, many of which dwell in treetops. Forest fauna developed in West African forests, which are among the world’s major tropical forests. Although there are very few endemic families, there are a substantial number of endemic genera.

Endemic mammals of the subregion include scaly-tailed squirrels of the family Anomaluridae, otter shrews, several species of bats, pottos, and several species of marmosets. Anthropoid apes—gorillas and chimpanzees—also inhabit the subregion. Although ungulates are more prevalent in the East African Subregion, some highly unusual forms are found in the West African Subregion. These include the pygmy hippopotamus, a distinctive species of boar, the water chevrotain, and the okapi. The manatee dwells in the basin of the lower Congo. Several species of birds and snakes, as well as a genus of crocodiles, are endemic to the subregion. Many species that inhabit the West African Subregion are not found in any other area of Africa. However, similar species of chevrotains, anthropoid apes, peacocks, and hornbills are found in the Indo-Malayan Region or on Madagascar. They are evidently relicts of ancient tropical forest fauna.

REFERENCES

Geptner, V. G.Obshchaia zoogeografiia. Moscow-Leningrad, 1936.
Bobrinskii, N. A., L. A. Zenkevich, and la. A. Birshtein. Geografiia zhivotnykh. Moscow, 1946.

V. G. GEPTNER

References in periodicals archive ?
He said the West African subregion was faced with historical unique developmental challenges.
It also aims to contribute to the strengthening of political relations between Member States, with a view to maintaining between them and in the West African subregion a climate of peace, security, solidarity and mutual understanding, necessary for their economic and social development.
In this instance, Edeko (2014) has observed that Nigeria alone is estimated to host over 70% of about 8 million illegal weapons in the West African subregion due to the porosity of Nigerian borders.
A stable political environment within the West African subregion, with established democratic institutions and systems to ensure good governance Abundant, adaptable and easily trainable labour force
This demonstrates the significant pressure that was brought to bear on President Obasanjo, irrespective of his personal and leadership obligations to the West African subregion. And therein lies the dilemma for current African heads of state and governments--how to enter into binding commitments and obligations with their African peers and remain steadfast, resolute, and unyielding in their fidelity to those agreements in the face of such unrelenting and punishing pressure from powerful Western leaders ...
The carrier said it "plans to cover the West African subregion before making a foray into the entire African continent" and eventually plans to operate 40 international flights per day.
(In this article, "West African subregion" refers, unless otherwise specified, to the ECOWAS community of nations.)
This report summarizes progress achieved in the 15 countries of the World Health Organization (WHO) West African subregion (excluding Nigeria) during 1997-1998, reviews the implementation of polio eradication strategies, and suggests that, if activities are intensified and adequate resources are provided, achieving the eradication goal by the target date remains feasible.
President Muhammadu Buhari has said the insecurity challenges in the West African subregion can only be effectively tackled if a common strategy is adopted by member states.
These were genuine grievances as Bonny had become one of the most degraded urban communities in the entire West African subregion. The chiefs warned that they were losing the ability to assuage the pent-up feelings of their people and appealed to the federal government--then only newly returned to democratic rule--to do something about it.
This report summarizes progress achieved in the 15 countries of the World Health Organization (WHO) West African subregion (excluding Nigeria) during 1997--1998, reviews the implementation of polio eradication strategies, and suggests that, if activities are intensified and adequate resources are provided, achieving the eradication goal by the target date remains feasible.

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