West Indian Ridge

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

West Indian Ridge

 

a submarine midocean ridge in the southwestern Indian Ocean. In the southwest the ridge joins the Atlantic-Indian Rise and in the northeast the Carlsberg and Mid-Indian ridges. It is approximately 4,000 km long and 200-300 km wide. Prevailing depths over the crest range from 2,000-3,000 m, with a minimum depth of 250 m. Relative height is 2,000-1,000 m. The surface is strongly dissected. Outcrops of bedrock, including ultrabasic rock (serpentine, peridotite), are widespread. Heightened seismic activity confined to the ridge’s axial rift zone is characteristic.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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The UK researchers, who have been surveying the area in the South West Indian Ridge in the Indian Ocean, found an array of creatures living in the super-heated waters, including yeti crabs, scaly-foot snails and sea cucumbers.
The team, from the University of Southampton, was particularly interested in the vents on the South West Indian Ridge because this range is linked to the Mid Atlantic Ridge and the Central Indian Ridge, where vent life has been well documented.
They conducted the research in the South West Indian Ridge in the Indian Ocean.

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