satinwood

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Related to West Indian satinwood: Zanthoxylum flavum

satinwood,

name for a hard and durable wood with a satinlike sheen, much used in cabinetmaking, especially in marquetrymarquetry
, branch of cabinetwork in which a decorative surface of wood or other substance is glued to an object on a single plane. Unlike inlaying, in which the secondary material is sunk into portions of a solid ground cut out to receive it, the technique of marquetry applies
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. It comes from two tropical trees of the family Rutaceae (ruerue,
common name for various members of the family Rutaceae, a large group of plants distributed throughout temperate and tropical regions and most abundant in S Africa and Australia. Most species are woody shrubs or small trees; many are evergreen and bear spines.
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 family). East Indian or Ceylon satinwood is the yellowish or dark-brown heartwood of Chloroxylon swietenia. The lustrous, fine-grained, usually figured wood is used for furniture, cabinetwork, veneers, and backs of brushes. West Indian satinwood, sometimes called yellowwood, is considered superior. It is the golden yellow, lustrous, even-grained wood of an evergreen (Zanthoxylum flavum) found in the Florida Keys and the West Indies. It has long been valued for furniture. It is also used for musical instruments, veneers, and other purposes. Satinwood is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Sapindales, family Rutaceae.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

satinwood

A hard, fine-grained, pale to golden yellow wood of the acacia gum tree; used in cabinetwork and decorative paneling. See also: Masonite
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Satinwood

 

(Chloroxylon swietenia), a tree of the family Rutaceae. The satinwood grows in arid deciduous forests of India and Sri Lanka. The hard and heavy wood is resistant to fungal disease and insect infestation; it is fragrant and yellow and has a handsome sheen. Satinwood is used in the manufacture of parquet paneling and carved and inlaid furniture. Some other Rutaceae species and species of other families that have shiny wood are sometimes called satinwood.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

satinwood

A hard, fine-grained, pale to golden yellow wood of the gum arabic (acacia gum) tree; esp. used in cabinetwork and decorative paneling.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

satinwood

1. a rutaceous tree, Chloroxylon swietenia, that occurs in the East Indies and has hard wood with a satiny texture
2. the wood of this tree, used in veneering, cabinetwork, marquetry, etc.
3. West Indian Satinwood another name for yellowwood
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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