satinwood(redirected from West Indian satinwood)
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satinwood,name for a hard and durable wood with a satinlike sheen, much used in cabinetmaking, especially in marquetrymarquetry
, branch of cabinetwork in which a decorative surface of wood or other substance is glued to an object on a single plane. Unlike inlaying, in which the secondary material is sunk into portions of a solid ground cut out to receive it, the technique of marquetry applies
..... Click the link for more information. . It comes from two tropical trees of the family Rutaceae (ruerue,
common name for various members of the family Rutaceae, a large group of plants distributed throughout temperate and tropical regions and most abundant in S Africa and Australia. Most species are woody shrubs or small trees; many are evergreen and bear spines.
..... Click the link for more information. family). East Indian or Ceylon satinwood is the yellowish or dark-brown heartwood of Chloroxylon swietenia. The lustrous, fine-grained, usually figured wood is used for furniture, cabinetwork, veneers, and backs of brushes. West Indian satinwood, sometimes called yellowwood, is considered superior. It is the golden yellow, lustrous, even-grained wood of an evergreen (Zanthoxylum flavum) found in the Florida Keys and the West Indies. It has long been valued for furniture. It is also used for musical instruments, veneers, and other purposes. Satinwood is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
..... Click the link for more information. , class Magnoliopsida, order Sapindales, family Rutaceae.
(Chloroxylon swietenia), a tree of the family Rutaceae. The satinwood grows in arid deciduous forests of India and Sri Lanka. The hard and heavy wood is resistant to fungal disease and insect infestation; it is fragrant and yellow and has a handsome sheen. Satinwood is used in the manufacture of parquet paneling and carved and inlaid furniture. Some other Rutaceae species and species of other families that have shiny wood are sometimes called satinwood.