West Irian


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West Irian:

see PapuaPapua
or Irian Jaya
, province (2014 est pop. 3,486,000), 123,180 sq mi (319,036 sq km), Indonesia. Comprising most of the western half of New Guinea and a number of offshore islands, it is Indonesia's largest province; the extreme western peninsulas and offshore
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, Indonesia.

West Irian

 

the western part of the island of New Guinea; administratively, a province of Indonesia (since 1972, IrianJaya). Area, 412,800 sq km; population, 918,000 (1969). Its administrative center is the city of Jayapura (previously Sukarnapura).

In ancient times and during the Middle Ages various Indonesian states maintained ties with the coastal tribes of West Irian. In the 17th century West Irian entered into the sphere of influence of the Tidore Sultanate. In 1828, Dutch colonizers seized southwestern West Irian, and after 1848 the northern part. In 1905 the sultan of Tidore yielded all rights to the Netherlands, and it became part of the so-called Dutch East Indies.

After the declaration of independence by Indonesia in 1945, the Netherlands, in accordance with the agreement of 1949, formally recognized the sovereignty of Indonesia over all the territory of the former Dutch East Indies, but it maintained control of West Irian and attempted to include it within its administrative structure. Negotiations held from 1950 to 1952 on transferring West Irian to Indonesia were broken off by the Netherlands. Nor did discussion of the problem at sessions of the UN General Assembly (1954-57) have any results. The widespread movement that developed in Indonesia for the liberation of West Irian and support of this movement by world public opinion forced the Dutch government to sign an agreement on Aug. 15, 1962, transferring West Irian to Indonesia. This transfer was implemented in 1963. In accordance with this agreement the question was finally decided by a referendum conducted in West Irian in 1969.

V. A. TIURIN

References in periodicals archive ?
Iraq called for consistency (why criticize the UN over West Irian and not over the Palestinian issue?).
"In the end the fate of several hundred thousand coastal West Papuans is unimportant compared with the friendship of a Government representing 115 million people," the journalist Peter Hastings commented in 1968, thereby summarizing the Australian government's approach to West Irian at the time.
Indonesian resentment of the Tunku's ambitions to play an active role in managing regional order, however, would reach its apogee over his attempt to mediate the West Irian issue.
Basing bombers in West Irian expanded the potential arc of attack to the northeast, where there was virtually no surveillance and early warning facilities.
First, at least in the case of Indonesia (and notwithstanding the particular roots of conflict in Aceh, West Irian, Maluku, and elsewhere) is the high degree to which those conflicts are linked to, and exacerbated by, Indonesia's chronic ongoing national crisis.
For detailed accounts of the story of the West Papuans' struggles see, for example, Nonie Sharp, The Rule of the Sword: the Story of West Irian, Kibble, 1977 and Carmel Budiardjo and Liem Soei Liong, West Papua: The Obliteration of a People, Tapol, 1983.
The next mission Pakistan participated had been West Irian in 1962.
Jac Hoogerbrugge, issued with a UN passport to hide his Dutch military past, proved to be the ideal candidate to run the United Nations' Fund for the Development of West Irian (FUNDWI) Asmat Handicraft Project.
In WDN 3, there are 14 provinces including East Kalimantan to have a share of 853,078 KL, South Kalimantan 929,558 KL, Central Kalimantan 590,409 KL, West Kalimantan 911,829 KL, North Sulawesi 561,535 KL, Gorontalo 159,024 KL, Central Sulawesi 443,917 KL, South Sulawesi 1,09 million KL, Southeast Sulawesi 345,236 KL, West Sulawesi 129,996 KL, Papua 338,29 KL, West Irian Jaya 178,511 KL, Maluku 288,896 KL and North Maluku 165,925 KL.
The plan to divide Papua into five provinces came up less than three months after the Constitutional Court annulled a controversial 1999 law dividing Papua into three provinces -- Papua, West Irian Jaya and Central Irian Jaya.
This was accompanied, despite strong Australian assertions to the contrary, by an accusation of an Australian indifference to, at best, and active encouragement of, at worst, further Indonesian dissolution with independence for West Irian, Aceh and possibly other parts of the Republic as well.
Robert Kennedy had gone as far as to broker deals with the Indonesians over West Irian.

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