West Midlands

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West Midlands,

former metropolitan county, central England. Created in the 1974 local government reorganization, the county embraced the Birmingham conurbation and comprised seven metropolitan districts (metropolitan boroughs): WalsallWalsall
, metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 177,923), W central England, in the Black Country. Iron and brass founding, limestone quarrying, and the manufacture of leather goods, small hardware, plastics, electronics, chemicals, and aircraft parts are the main industries and
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, WolverhamptonWolverhampton
, city and metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 263,501), W central England, in the Black Country. Wolverhampton is highly industrialized; products include automobiles, hardware, rayon, tires, and chemicals. St.
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, DudleyDudley,
metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 186,513), W central England. Dudley's famed iron, coal, and limestone industries began declining c.1870. Other industries include engineering works, steelworks, metallurgy, glass cutting, textiles, and leatherworking.
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, Sandwell, BirminghamBirmingham
, city and metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 934,900), central England. The city is equidistant from Bristol, Liverpool, Manchester, and London, England's main ports, and near the Black Country iron and coal deposits; it was connected to the Staffordshire mines by the
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, SolihullSolihull
, metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 195,100), central England, mainly a residential suburb of Birmingham. Automobiles, chemicals, and tools are manufactured. The 13th-century Church of St.
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, and CoventryCoventry
, city and metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 318,718), central England. Coventry is an industrial center noted for its automobile production. Tractors, airplanes, machine tools, synthetic textiles, electrical equipment, and engineering products are also made.
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. The county was abolished in 1986, and the districts became responsible for all services except police, fire, and civil defense, which are supervised jointly. It remains a ceremonial county under the Lieutenancies Act.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

West Midlands

a metropolitan county of central England, administered since 1986 by the unitary authorities of Wolverhampton, Walsall, Dudley, Sandwell, Birmingham, Solihull, and Coventry. Area: 899 sq. km (347 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Andy Mason, divisional chairman for Midlands and the South, said: "Last year, we took the hard decision to close our West Midlands office and combine it with our East Midlands region.
It would re-imagine what the West Midlands could become by 'taking a new look at the way its landscape is viewed.'.
Andrew Scattergood, FBU West Midlands secretary, said: "Andy Street needs to realise that his takeover bid is dead in the water."
Housing Secretary James Brokenshire announced the West Midlands had been chosen as one of three areas to run pilot schemes based on an approach called "Housing First", which has been successful in other parts of Europe.
For boys, Kyle was the 63rd most popular name in the West Midlands, compared to 120th across England and Wales, and Corey was 79th in the West Midlands and 131st in England and Wales.
A spokesman for West Midlands Fire Service said: "This is a police matter and I cannot comment any further."
John Goodman, IoD Fellow; Sue Hurrell, IoD West Midlands; Dean Kavanagh, Geotech UK
THE West Midlands Police and Crime Commissioner will be scrapped in 2020 and his job handed over to the next West Midlands Mayor, it has been confirmed.
Brigadier Robin Anderton-Brown becomes the head of 11th Signal and West Midlands Brigade, formed last November from the amalgamation of 11th Signal Brigade and 143 (West Midlands) Brigade.
THE new senior management team in charge of investing PS1 billion into the West Midlands rail network has been unveiled.

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