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West Midlands,former metropolitan county, central England. Created in the 1974 local government reorganization, the county embraced the Birmingham conurbation and comprised seven metropolitan districts (metropolitan boroughs): WalsallWalsall
, metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 177,923), W central England, in the Black Country. Iron and brass founding, limestone quarrying, and the manufacture of leather goods, small hardware, plastics, electronics, chemicals, and aircraft parts are the main industries and
..... Click the link for more information. , WolverhamptonWolverhampton
, city and metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 263,501), W central England, in the Black Country. Wolverhampton is highly industrialized; products include automobiles, hardware, rayon, tires, and chemicals. St.
..... Click the link for more information. , DudleyDudley,
metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 186,513), W central England. Dudley's famed iron, coal, and limestone industries began declining c.1870. Other industries include engineering works, steelworks, metallurgy, glass cutting, textiles, and leatherworking.
..... Click the link for more information. , Sandwell, BirminghamBirmingham
, city and metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 934,900), central England. The city is equidistant from Bristol, Liverpool, Manchester, and London, England's main ports, and near the Black Country iron and coal deposits; it was connected to the Staffordshire mines by the
..... Click the link for more information. , SolihullSolihull
, metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 195,100), central England, mainly a residential suburb of Birmingham. Automobiles, chemicals, and tools are manufactured. The 13th-century Church of St.
..... Click the link for more information. , and CoventryCoventry
, city and metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 318,718), central England. Coventry is an industrial center noted for its automobile production. Tractors, airplanes, machine tools, synthetic textiles, electrical equipment, and engineering products are also made.
..... Click the link for more information. . The county was abolished in 1986, and the districts became responsible for all services except police, fire, and civil defense, which are supervised jointly. It remains a ceremonial county under the Lieutenancies Act.
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a metropolitan county of central England, administered since 1986 by the unitary authorities of Wolverhampton, Walsall, Dudley, Sandwell, Birmingham, Solihull, and Coventry. Area: 899 sq. km (347 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005