(12) Unlike in Poznati and West Prussia, in the 1870s the Center was able to take advantage of the Kulturkampf's anti-Catholic atmosphere and the subsequent Catholic solidarity it created to gain the support of most Upper Silesian Catholics, German and Polish alike.
Whereas resistance to the Kulturkampf increasingly led Poles in Poznan and West Prussia to support Polish nationalists who represented not "Prussian, not German, but only Polish interests," in Upper Silesia Polish-speaking voters turned toward the Center.
Recognizing each other's respective strengths in Upper Silesia and in Poznan and West Prussia, the two parties did not run competing candidates in any districts, and even actively campaigned for each other to defeat their common political enemies.
In fact, as the author ably recounts, when this offensive eventually petered out some thirty miles short of the Nazi capital, the remainder of the "Storm" was devoted to mopping-up operations in East Pomerania, East and West Prussia
, and the two Silesias as well as to the reduction by siege of Hitler's so-called fortress cities of Koningsberg, Danzig, and Breslau.
A case of this kind (Hoffmann) prompted the Church Consistory of West Prussia
in Danzig to request in 1819 that the law regarding conversions to Judaism be published in the normal way.
Germany was forced to give up Alsace-Lorraine to France, West Prussia
to Poland, and all its colonies to Great Britain, France, and Japan.
Born at Burg Bechau in West Prussia
, of an old military family (November 11, 1861); joined the infantry after graduating from cadet school; served as a military instructor in China (1899-1903); was a member of the German staff during the relief expedition to Peking (June 1900-May 1901); appointed Prussian Minister of War (June 6, 1913), he clashed with Gen.
Prussia's power grew and in 1772, under King Friedrich II (Frederick the Great), consisted of the provinces of Brandenburg, Pomerania, Danzig, West Prussia
and East Prussia.
Mennonites living in West Prussia
found themselves no longer under the Polish monarch's benevolent indifference but dealing instead with the more restricted and controlling policies of Prussian bureaucrats and Hohenzollern autocrats who sought to contain and exploit Mennonite growth and expansion.
As the protest map of 1847 (Map 2) makes clear, the incidence of food riots was generally high in areas like Silesia, Posen, West Prussia or Pomerania, where rioting was common in locations ranging from agrarian villages and market towns to regional centres; conversely, in the major non-protest areas of Rhineland and Westphalia, Schleswig-Holstein, Hanover, Mecklenburg or Saxony, the probability of food riots was rather low due to certain predominant regional variables.
Problematic situations that made the people aware of their deprivation were most common in draining-out regions (parts of the Prussian provinces of Silesia, Posen and Saxony), transit regions (including the border regions of upper Franconia, Thuringia and Bohemia as well as the middle Elbe district and lower Vistula district in West Prussia), and export regions (Pomerania, East and West Prussia).
Born in Platow (Zlotow), West Prussia
(January 26, 1881); he immigrated to the United States with his parents and settled in Ohio (1889); left high school in Cincinnati and enlisted in the army when war broke out with Spain (April 1898); saw action in the Santiago de Caba campaign (June 22-July 17); joined the Regular Army (mid-1899), and saw much action during the Philippine Insurrection (1899-1903), receiving a 2d lieutenant's commission in the 30th Infantry (June 1901); returned to the U.S.