West Prussia

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Related to West Prussia: East Prussia, Posen

West Prussia,

Ger. Westpreussen, former province of Prussia, 9,867 sq mi (25,556 sq km), NE Germany, extending S from the Baltic Sea, between Pomerania on the west and East Prussia on the east. Danzig was the capital. The larger part of the region belonged to Poland until the Polish partitions of 1772 and 1793 and included Pomerelia (Ger. Pommerellen; see PomeraniaPomerania
, region of N central Europe, extending along the Baltic Sea from a line W of Stralsund, Germany, to the Vistula River in Poland. From 1919 to 1939, Pomerania was divided among Germany, Poland, and the Free City of Danzig (Gdańsk).
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). The province also included, prior to World War I, the western portion of originally East Prussian territory, including the cities of Elbing, Marienburg, and Marienwerder. The Treaty of Versailles (1919) gave most of West Prussia to Poland (see Polish CorridorPolish Corridor,
strip of German territory awarded to newly independent Poland by the Treaty of Versailles in 1919. The strip, 20 to 70 mi (32–112 km) wide, gave Poland access to the Baltic Sea.
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) and made Danzig and its environs a free city. The remainder of West Prussia was divided between the Prussian province of Grenzmark Posen-West Prussia and the district of West Prussia, incorporated with the province of East Prussia. The whole territory was again annexed to Germany at the outbreak (1939) of World War II, but in 1945 the Potsdam Conference placed it under Polish administration, where it has remained since.
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West Prussia

a former province of NE Prussia, on the Baltic: assigned to Poland in 1945
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
(12) Unlike in Poznati and West Prussia, in the 1870s the Center was able to take advantage of the Kulturkampf's anti-Catholic atmosphere and the subsequent Catholic solidarity it created to gain the support of most Upper Silesian Catholics, German and Polish alike.
Whereas resistance to the Kulturkampf increasingly led Poles in Poznan and West Prussia to support Polish nationalists who represented not "Prussian, not German, but only Polish interests," in Upper Silesia Polish-speaking voters turned toward the Center.
Recognizing each other's respective strengths in Upper Silesia and in Poznan and West Prussia, the two parties did not run competing candidates in any districts, and even actively campaigned for each other to defeat their common political enemies.
In fact, as the author ably recounts, when this offensive eventually petered out some thirty miles short of the Nazi capital, the remainder of the "Storm" was devoted to mopping-up operations in East Pomerania, East and West Prussia, and the two Silesias as well as to the reduction by siege of Hitler's so-called fortress cities of Koningsberg, Danzig, and Breslau.
A case of this kind (Hoffmann) prompted the Church Consistory of West Prussia in Danzig to request in 1819 that the law regarding conversions to Judaism be published in the normal way.
Germany was forced to give up Alsace-Lorraine to France, West Prussia to Poland, and all its colonies to Great Britain, France, and Japan.
Born at Burg Bechau in West Prussia, of an old military family (November 11, 1861); joined the infantry after graduating from cadet school; served as a military instructor in China (1899-1903); was a member of the German staff during the relief expedition to Peking (June 1900-May 1901); appointed Prussian Minister of War (June 6, 1913), he clashed with Gen.
Prussia's power grew and in 1772, under King Friedrich II (Frederick the Great), consisted of the provinces of Brandenburg, Pomerania, Danzig, West Prussia and East Prussia.
Mennonites living in West Prussia found themselves no longer under the Polish monarch's benevolent indifference but dealing instead with the more restricted and controlling policies of Prussian bureaucrats and Hohenzollern autocrats who sought to contain and exploit Mennonite growth and expansion.
As the protest map of 1847 (Map 2) makes clear, the incidence of food riots was generally high in areas like Silesia, Posen, West Prussia or Pomerania, where rioting was common in locations ranging from agrarian villages and market towns to regional centres; conversely, in the major non-protest areas of Rhineland and Westphalia, Schleswig-Holstein, Hanover, Mecklenburg or Saxony, the probability of food riots was rather low due to certain predominant regional variables.
Problematic situations that made the people aware of their deprivation were most common in draining-out regions (parts of the Prussian provinces of Silesia, Posen and Saxony), transit regions (including the border regions of upper Franconia, Thuringia and Bohemia as well as the middle Elbe district and lower Vistula district in West Prussia), and export regions (Pomerania, East and West Prussia).
Born in Platow (Zlotow), West Prussia (January 26, 1881); he immigrated to the United States with his parents and settled in Ohio (1889); left high school in Cincinnati and enlisted in the army when war broke out with Spain (April 1898); saw action in the Santiago de Caba campaign (June 22-July 17); joined the Regular Army (mid-1899), and saw much action during the Philippine Insurrection (1899-1903), receiving a 2d lieutenant's commission in the 30th Infantry (June 1901); returned to the U.S.

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