Western Cape

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Western Cape,

province (2011 pop. 5,822,734), 49,986 sq mi (129,462 sq km), SW South Africa, on the Atlantic and Indian oceans. In 1994, under South Africa's post-apartheid constitution, Western Cape was created from the southwest portion of the former Cape ProvinceCape Province,
former province, S South Africa. Under the South African constitution of 1994 it was divided into Eastern Cape, Western Cape, Northern Cape, and part of a fourth province, North West.
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. The province borders Northern Cape on the north and Eastern Cape on the east.

The capital and largest city is Cape TownCape Town
or Capetown,
city, legislative capital of South Africa, capital of Western Cape prov., and seat of the City of Cape Town metropolitan municipality; a port on the Atlantic Ocean. It was the capital of Cape Province before that province's subdivision in 1994.
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. The diverse topography of Western Cape stretches north and east from the Cape of Good Hope. There are mountains and fertile valleys along the coast; much of the interior is arid and hilly. Along the south coast there is a mild climate and diverse vegetation, and many botanical and marine reserves.

Finance, real estate, retail, and tourism are the main contributors to the area's economy, but agriculture and fisheries also are important. The province produces much of South Africa's wine, as well as a variety of fruits and vegetables. Sheep and cattle are raised in the inland Karoo region, and wool, mutton, dairy products, beef, and pork are among the animal products. The west coast of the province has rich fishing grounds. Cape Town is an important port as well as a commercial and industrial center, with petroleum companies, printing, and publishing. The principal languages are Afrikaans, Xhosa, and English.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Western Cape

a province of W South Africa, created in 1994 from the SW part of Cape Province: agriculture (esp fruit), wine making, fishing, various industries in Cape Town. Capital: Cape Town. Pop.: 4 570 696 (2004 est.). Area: 129 370 sq. km (49 950 sq. miles).
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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South African Western Cape Province Premier, Helen Zille, will be in the country next week on a two-day working visit, the South African High Commission in Windhoek has announced.
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