Western Carpathians


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Western Carpathians

 

the western, highest, and broadest part of the Carpathians in Czechoslovakia, Poland, and Hungary. Length, approximately 400 km; width, over 200 km. They consist of several ranges and isolated massifs, generally south west-northeast. The middle-altitude ranges of the West Beskids extend to the north. The central part of the Western Carpathians consists of a number of high and middle-altitude massifs (the High Tatra, the Low Tatra, the Vel’ka Fatra), which are composed mainly of granite, gneiss, and other crystalline rocks, as well as of limestone, and are separated by deep hollows. The upper part of the mountains have alpine forms of terrain and glacial lakes. Mount Gerlachovka (2,655 m), the highest in the Carpathians, is in the High Tatra. The southern part of the Western Carpathians is formed of middle-altitude, flattop massifs composed of crystalline rock, volcanic rock, and limestone (the Slovak Ore Mountains, the Stiavnicke Mountains, Biikk, Matra). The lower slopes have broad-leaved and mixed forests (primarily oak and beech), the northern slopes and the middle mountain zone have mixed and coniferous forests, and the upper mountain regions have alpine meadows. The forest flora and fauna are protected in preserves and national parks (there are bears, red deer, roe, wild boar, wolves, lynx, and other animals), the largest of which is the Tatra National Park in Czechoslovakia and Poland.

N. N. RYBIN

References in periodicals archive ?
In the Western Carpathians, Hell & Paule (1989) found only slight differences in quantitative skull parameters.
and Bella, P.: 2015, Cavitonics: Using caves in active tectonic studies (Western Carpathians, case study).
(1990) Isotopic Geochronology of the Western Carpathian Crystalline Complex with Catalogue of Data.
The GPS geodynamic MORAVA network was established in 1994 for the purpose of monitoring the crustal movements at contact zone between the Bohemian Massif and the Western Carpathians. The network points are distributed over the area extending from eastern part of the Bohemian Massif to western part of the Carpathians.
Thus, forest habitats in the Western Carpathians probably enabled some forest animal species to survive the Last Glacial Maximum in refuges directly in central Europe.
[15], the study area is situated in the north of Western Carpathian Foredeep and in contact of the Bohemian Massif and the Carpathian System.
2013: Diet of the Eurasian badger (Meles meles) in the Western Carpathians and its implications for species conservation in Poland.
Preliminary GPS positioning results obtained on the territory of South Moravia (Svabensky et al., 2011) have shown relatively intensive movement tendencies between the Bohemian Massif and tectonic units of the Western Carpathians (Svabensky et al., 2011).
Preliminary GPS surveying results on the South Moravian territory indicated relatively intensive movement tendencies between the Bohemian Massif and tectonic units of the Western Carpathians. Particularly tectonic zones the DCTZ (Figure 6) and the Bulhary fault play dominant role (Svabensky et al., 2011).
Thirty years of monitoring data has proved the active and continuing development of two large deep-seated slope deformations in Mala Fatra and Velka Fatra, Western Carpathians. At the Parohy Site in Mala Fatra, results from the scarp area show a significant vertical displacement trend of 0.07 mm per year.
The area is situated in the Outer Western Carpathians with base rocks built by tectonic Raca unit of the Magura Nappe which formed during Eocene--Paleocene.
Baumgart-Kotarba, M.: 1980, Braided channel changes at chosen reaches of the Bialka River (the Podhale, Western Carpathians), Studia Geomorphologica Carpatho-Balcanica, 14, 113-134.

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