Western State

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Western State


a state in southwest Nigeria. Area, 75,400 sq km; population, 9.5 million (1963 census), consisting principally of the Yoruba people. More than half of Nigeria’s largest cities (with populations exceeding 100,000) are concentrated in Western State. The city of Ibadan is the administrative center.

A large part of the territory is occupied by the Yoruba Plateau (heights of 200-500 m), which is a watershed for rivers flowing into the Bight of Benin (the Ogun, Oshun, Oni) and for right tributaries of the Niger. The climate is equatorial and monsoonal, and average monthly temperatures are 25°-28°C. The rainy season lasts eight months, with annual precipitation of 1,200 mm on the plateau and 2,000 mm and more on the coastal plain. Vegetation consists of tropical rain forests.

The economic structure is distinguished by a relatively high proportion of production for market and is based on a single-crop system producing cocoa, one of the country’s chief export items. Palm hearts, rubber, and cotton are also exported. Yams, cassava, rice, tobacco, and kola trees are cultivated for domestic consumption. There are enterprises for processing agricultural raw materials (tobacco, textile, and fruitcanning enterprises), a cement plant, and production of plastics and rubber goods. Craft industries are widespread (dyeing, wood and metal carving). Gold is mined near Ife. Ibadan, Abeokuta, and Oshogbo are the principal economic centers.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
The latter is meant to designate the French creole of Canada or Louisiana; the former, the trapper of the old American stock, from Kentucky, Tennessee, and others of the western States. The French trapper is represented as a lighter, softer, more self-indulgent kind of man.
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And as soon as silence came, I found myself in front of this extraordinary mass of faces, thinking not of them, but of that long and unhappy chapter in our country's history which followed the one great structural mistake of the Fathers of the Republic; thinking of the one continuous great problem that generations of statesmen had wrangled over, and a million men fought about, and that had so dwarfed the mass of English men in the Southern States as to hold them back a hundred years behind their fellows in every other part of the world--in England, in Australia, and in the Northern and Western States; I was thinking of this dark shadow that had oppressed every large-minded statesman from Jefferson to Lincoln.
An old friend, who had emigrated to America, had proposed to him a speculation in agriculture, in one of the Western States, which was to make both their fortunes.
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