Born Nov. 9, 1885, in Elmshorn, Schleswig-Holstein; died Dec. 8, 1955, in Zürich. German mathematician.
Weyl graduated from the University of Göttingen in 1908. From 1913 to 1930 he was a professor at the Zürich Polytechnical Institute, and from 1930 to 1933, a professor at the University of Göttingen. In 1933, Weyl emigrated to the USA and worked at Princeton in the Institute for Advanced Study. His works are devoted to trigonometric series and series of orthogonal functions, to the theory of functions of complex variables, and to differential and integral equations. He introduced the so-called Weyl sum into the theory of numbers. Weyl’s most important works are concerned with the theory of continuous groups and their representations, along with their applications to problems in geometry and physics. In the field of the philosophy of mathematics, Weyl was a representative of intuitionism.
WORKSIn Russian translation:
Algebraicheskaia teoriia chisel. Moscow, 1947.
Klassicheskie gruppy, ikh invarianty i predstavleniia. Moscow, 1947.
Simmetriia. Moscow, 1968. (Contains a bibliography.)