Indian Reorganization Act

(redirected from Wheeler-Howard Act)

Indian Reorganization Act,

legislation passed in 1934 in the United States in an attempt to secure new rights for Native Americans on reservations. Its main provisions were to restore to Native Americans management of their assets (mostly land); to prevent further depletion of reservation resources; to build a sound economic foundation for the people of the reservations; and to return to the Native Americans local self-government on a tribal basis. The objectives of the bill were vigorously pursued until the outbreak of World War II. Although the act is still in effect, many Native Americans question its supposed purpose of gradual assimilation; their opposition reflects their efforts to reduce federal condescension in the treatment of Native Americans and their cultures.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Responding to questions from the interviewers, the narrators described their personal histories and their people's history after Oneida removal to Wisconsin from the years prior to the 1887 Dawes Allotment Act through World War I, the Great Depression, and the 1934 Indian Reorganization Act (Wheeler-Howard Act or Indian New Deal) which reversed the Dawes Act allotment process and authorized tribal self-government.
The Indian Reorganization Act of 1934, also known as the Wheeler-Howard Act, inaugurated a sweeping change of policy in Native American affairs.