Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory

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Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory,

astronomical observatoryobservatory,
scientific facility especially equipped to detect and record naturally occurring scientific phenomena. Although geological and meteorological observatories exist, the term is generally applied to astronomical observatories.
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 located 35 mi (56 km) S of Tucson, Ariz., at an altitude of 8,500 ft (2,590 m). It is operated jointly by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory and the Univ. of Arizona. Formerly known as the Mount Hopkins Observatory, it was renamed in 1982 for the American astronomer Fred Lawrence Whipple, who was instrumental in establishing the observatory. Until 1998 the observatory was best known for its principal instrument, the highly unusual Multiple-Mirror Telescope (MMT). This consisted of six identical 72-in. (183-cm) reflecting telescopes mounted in a hexagonal array on a common mounting and feeding their images to a single focus. A 30-in. (76-cm) reflector in the center of the mounting served as a guide telescope. The combined light-gathering power of the MMT was equal to that of a conventional 176-in. (447-cm) reflector. The MMT was replaced in 1999 with a conventional 256-in. (6.5-m) single-mirror telescope. Also at the observatory are a 60-in. (152-cm) and a 394-in. (10-m) dish with 248 small mirrors used for gamma-ray astronomygamma-ray astronomy,
study of astronomical objects by analysis of the most energetic electromagnetic radiation they emit. Gamma rays are shorter in wavelength and hence more energetic than X rays (see gamma radiation) but much harder to detect and to pinpoint.
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 observations.
References in periodicals archive ?
Breakthrough Listen, a project that attempts to detect intelligent extraterrestrial communications in the universe, has announced that its team will start to look for this potential new sign of alien technology using the Very Energetic Radiation Imaging Telescope Array System (VERITAS) at the Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory in Amado, Arizona. 
Breakthrough Listen has announced a collaboration with the VERITAS (Very Energetic Radiation Imaging Telescope Array System) array of four 12 meter telescopes, located at the Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory in Arizona.
The MMT, located on the site of the Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory, is one of the world's largest astronomical telescopes, located on top of the 8,530-high Mount Hopkins, south of Tucson, Arizona.
Once the new planet was identified, it was confirmed by Latham using radial velocity observations gathered by the TRES spectrograph at Whipple Observatory in Arizona, and by Lev Tal-Or (Tel Aviv University) using the SOPHIE spectrograph at the Haute-Provence Observatory in France.
Three of the telescopes are located at the CfA in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and the other two at the Whipple Observatory near Tucson, Arizona.
Some of the galaxies mapped had previously-measured redshifts, and Huchra started painstakingly measuring redshifts for the others in the late 1990s using mainly two telescopes: one at the Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory on Mt.
The Harvard-Smithsonian team, with Dr Al Subai, followed up on the most promising candidates, making spectroscopic observations with the 1.5 m diameter telescope at the Smithsonian's Whipple Observatory in Arizona.
And if David Charbonneau has any say about it, that historic find will come from eight tiny telescopes his team has just finished assembling at the Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory on Mount Hopkins in Arizona.
Four of the telescopes are at the Whipple Observatory in Arizona, and the other two are in Hawaii.
I centered myself over southern Arizona and zoomed in until I found Mount Hopkins, home to several telescopes of Whipple Observatory. I followed the winding mountain road back to the visitors' center where, nearby, I could see the structure that once held the six mirrors of the Multiple Mirror Telescope now blindly starring upward.