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exposure of fraud and abuse by an employee. The federal law that legitimated the concept of the whistle-blower, the False Claims Act (1863, revised 1986), was created to combat fraud by suppliers to the federal government during the Civil War. Under the act, whistle-blowers can receive a percentage of the money recovered or damages won by the government in fraud cases they expose. The act also protects whistle-blowers from wrongful dismissal, allowing for reinstatement with seniority, double back pay, interest on back pay, compensation for discriminatory treatment, and reasonable legal fees. Federal legislation in 1978 barred reprisals against those who exposed government corruption. Harassment and dismissal of and the revelation of widespread waste and fraud in defense contracting led Congress to strengthen the position of whistle-blowers in 1989. Many states also have employment laws that deal with discriminatory treatment of whistle-blowers.
References in periodicals archive ?
In this sense, they argue that healthcare leaders at all levels of the health system need to reframe whistleblowing and open reporting as something that is positive and valuable, something that can become embedded within routine organisational practices.
Dr Mattu told the hearing that he had been vili-fied and bullied as a result of making the whistleblowing disclosures.
According to Kohn, for example, Bradley Birkenfeld's whistleblowing exposing illegal off-shore accounts by U.
Sue Musson, chair of the trust, said: "In response to the three whistleblowing complaints made to the trust and the subsequent independent external investigation by the Good Governance Institute, it has been necessary to exclude three senior executives and one other employee.
Whistleblowing may violate confidences and trust, which are also important Jewish values.
SOX requires audit committees of publicly traded companies to provide a whistleblowing option so that employees can anonymously report fraud.
The links below can also assist in your understanding of Federal and DoD complaint and Whistleblowing rights and policies.
Whistleblowing and related privatized enforcement measures have a long history in the U.
Notwithstanding all these difficulties, research on whistleblowing is highly concentrated in Anglo-Saxon countries, mainly in the United States (Miceli, Near, & Dworkin, 2008; Near & Miceli, 1996).
The Ministry is currently analysing over 200 additional whistleblowing tips including recordings between tax officials and potential taxpayers in which various practices, designed to reduce tax payable, were detailed.
The 36-year-old mum-of-three, from Openshaw, went through official whistleblowing channels alleging kitchen resources were being used privately outside the school.
M2 EQUITYBITES-December 29, 2017-EQS Group Acquires Swiss Whistleblowing Systems Provider Integrity Line