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Whitby,town, Scarborough, North Yorkshire, N England, at the mouth of the Esk. It is a port and resort whose primary industries are fishing and tourism. Jet is found locally, and jewelry and ornaments have long been produced from it; the industry peaked during the Victorian era. Whitby was the site of an abbey found by St. HildaHilda, Saint,
614–80, English abbess of Whitby, princess of Northumbria. She became a Christian at the age of 13 and a nun at 33. About 647 she set out for a convent in France, but was recalled by St. Aidan to found a convent on the banks of the Wear River. In 657, St.
..... Click the link for more information. in 657. In 663 the Synod of Whitby (see Whitby, Synod ofWhitby, Synod of,
called by King Oswy of Northumbria in 663 at Whitby, England. Its purpose was to choose between the usages of the Celtic and Roman churches, primarily in the matter of reckoning the date of Easter (see calendar; Celtic Church).
..... Click the link for more information. ) was held here under King Oswy of Northumbria. The Danes ravaged the abbey in 867, and in 1078 it was refounded for Benedictines. There is a cross commemorating the poet CædmonCædmon
, fl. 670, English poet. He was reputed by Bede to be the author of early English versions of various Old Testament stories. According to Bede, Cædmon was an ignorant herder who received his poetic powers through a vision.
..... Click the link for more information. , who lived at the abbey. Captain Cook was shipbuilders's apprentice in Whitby, and his ship Resolution was built here. There is a history museum. North York Moors National Park surrounds the town.
Whitby,town (1991 pop. 61,281), SE Ont., Canada, NE of Toronto, on Lake Ontario. It has a good harbor. The town's manufactures include tires and electronic equipment.
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a fishing port and resort in NE England, in E North Yorkshire at the mouth of the River Esk: an important ecclesiastical centre in Anglo-Saxon times; site of an abbey founded in 656. See also Synod of Whitby. Pop.: 13 594 (2001)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005