White Guards

White Guards

 

(1) The name of the bourgeois police created in Finland in 1906 to combat the revolutionary movement. The distinguishing signs of the White Guards were white armbands.

(2) During the Civil War and armed intervention of 1918—20, armed formations that were fighting for the restoration of the bourgeois-landowner order unofficially bore the name White Guards (White Guardsmen). In Soviet literature and publicism, and likewise in common usage, the designation “White Guards” applied to several counterrevolutionary nationalistic military formations (White Finns, White Czechs, White Poles, and others), and to counterrevolution in general. The origin of the term “White Guards” is connected with the traditional symbolism of the color white as the color of the supporters of “legitimate” law and order (in contrast to the color red, the color of a rebellious people and of revolution).

A. A. ZALESSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Howard refuses, and the white guards, driver, and "local boys on the bus" kill him.
There are these big white guards just before the exit and that's where I like to hide.
There's a strong undercurrent about the Iraq War--watching a man with a Middle Eastern background being tortured by white guards can't help but recall Abu Ghraib; one of the guards threatens another by saying, 'You're with us or against us'--but what makes this undercurrent notable is that it emerges in a world that's long since moved on.
In prison, Mandela resisted humiliation of various forms, started growing a vegetable garden, and managed to cultivate civil and even friendly relations with his white guards.
Sure, a bloodbath flooded D Yard, but hey, the dead were mostly rural working-class white guards and urban black prisoners.
Sergei, having joined the White Guards during the civil war, was, upon their defeat, sent to Turkey and thence to Czechoslovakia and France, by then thoroughly disillusioned about his participation in the war.
The book proves that nearly all the forces fighting in Russia's Civil War held anti-Semitic attitudes, from the pro-Monarchy White Guards to the Bolsheviks, and a wide assortment of local paramilitary and separatist groups.
Turner also plays the race card, heavy-handedly stoking tensions between the white guards and the largely African-American inmate population.
The war against the Bolshevik, the conflict on the Adriatic, the race riots, the struggle between labor and capital, all fade into the background just now; the one topic of transcendent interest, the one great issue, is the struggle now being fought out between the White Guards from that great city which certain of its own poets have hailed as "hog butcher to the universe" and the warlike Reds from the Metropolis of Malt.
White guards are easily disabled by a single prisoner, perhaps because these guards believe in the myth of the overpowering black brute with superhuman strength.
In reaction to revolutionary challenges, land owners have resorted to the creation of white guards to terrorise their enemies.
Other testimony confirmed that white guards were the chief seekers of sexual services, primarily from light-skinned black women.