White Muscle Disease


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

White Muscle Disease

 

a disease in young agricultural animals characterized by disruptions of metabolism and affliction of the cardiac and skeletal muscles. Calves and lambs are affected and, more rarely, piglets, fur-bearing animals, chicks, and ducklings. It is assumed that the cause of white muscle disease is inadequate feeding of the pregnant female animals (a shortage of protein, phosphorus, microelements, or vitamins). Sick animals are lethargic, lie down a great deal, develop paralysis of the extremities, and breathe more rapidly. In serious cases there is loss of appetite, diarrhea, and a rise in body temperature. The disease lasts 3–7 days; sometimes an animal dies within a few hours after the appearance of the signs of the disease. Therapy calls for selenium and vitamin preparations and special diet.

REFERENCES

Vnutrennie nezaraznye bolezni sel’skokhoziaistvennykh zhivotnykh, 2nd ed. Edited by I. G. Sharabrin. Moscow, 1964.
Onegov, A. P. “Belomyshechnaia bolezn’.” In Velerinarnaia en-tsiklopediia, vol 1. Moscow, 1968.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Table 1--Hepatic Se and Cu, and serum Cu concentrations in calves from two episodes of white muscle disease. Reference ranges: Hepatic Se (MAAS & VALBERG 2015), hepatic and serum Cu (MAAS & SMITH 2015).
In particular, vitamin E deficiencies result in fetal death and abortion, as well as white muscle disease (WMD) in neonates.
In addition, when available postmortem from animals that exhibited white muscle disease, we submitted whole blood or liver samples for determination of selenium.
Whole blood and liver selenium levels were 0.14 and 0.16 [micro]g/g and 1.8 [micro]g/g, respectively in 3 calves with white muscle disease that were sampled; both are above recommended levels (McDowell 1992).
This condition is known as white muscle disease. Vitamin E and vitamin C deficiency result in similar problems, especially in young, rapidly growing animals.