White Nile


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Related to White Nile: Blue Nile, River Nile

White Nile,

river, one of the chief tributaries of the NileNile,
longest river in the world, c.4,160 mi (6,695 km) long from its remotest headstream, the Luvironza River in Burundi, central Africa, to its delta on the Mediterranean Sea, NE Egypt. The Nile flows northward and drains c.
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, E Africa. The name is sometimes used for the 600 mi (970 km) long section of the river known as the Bahr el Abiad that extends upstream from Khartoum to the junction of the Bahr el Jebel and the Bahr el Ghazal at Lake No, c.100 mi (160 km) above Malakal. In a wider sense it is applied to the entire c.2,300 mi (3,700 km) long stem of the Nile draining from the headwaters of Lake Victoria (Victoria Nyanza). In this wider sense, its remotest headstream is the Luvironza River in Burundi, which flows into the Ruvuvu River and which, in turn, is a tributary of the Kagera River, one of the principal headstreams feeding into Lake Victoria. Known as the Victoria Nile for approximately the next 260 mi (430 km), it flows N and W through Uganda into Lake Albert. It leaves Lake Albert as the Albert Nile and flows north c.100 mi (160 km) to Nimule, where it enters South Sudan and becomes the Bahr el Jebel. From Nimule to Rejaf is a zone of rapids. At Juba it leaves the highlands of central Africa and enters the broad South Sudan plain; downstream at Bor, it flows through the SuddSudd
, swampy region, c.200 mi (320 km) long, and c.150 mi (240 km) wide, central South Sudan, E central Africa. It is fed by the Bahr el Jebel, the Bahr el Ghazal, and the Bahr el Arab, headwaters of the Nile.
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, a vast swampy area named after the floating vegetation (sudd) that sometimes hinders navigation. At Lake No it receives the Bahr-el-Ghazal and continues E to Khartoum, where it joins with the Blue NileBlue Nile,
Arab. Bahr el Azraq, river, c.1,000 mi (1,600 km) long, the chief headstream of the Nile, rising in Lake Tana, NW Ethiopia, at an altitude of c.6,000 ft (1,800 m). It flows generally S from the Lake Tana region, then W across Ethiopia, and finally NW into Sudan.
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 to form the Nile.

White Nile

 

or Bahr al-Abyad (Arabic, bahr, river, and abyad, white), name of the Nile River in the territory of Sudan, for a distance extending from the river’s convergence with its left tributary, al-Ghazal, up to the mouth of the Blue Nile. The White Nile is 957 km long, and its bed is 1–2 km wide. Its most important tributary is the Sobat on the right; at high water, the Sobat brings much suspended matter into the White Nile, giving the water a whitish appearance, hence its name. From the mouth of the Sobat to the mouth of the Blue Nile the current is slow. In the upper reaches the discharge of water is uniform, averaging 453 m3/sec year round; below the confluence with the Sobat the discharge increases considerably and reaches a year-round average of 808 m3/sec near Khartoum (with a maximum of 1,354 m3/sec in October). The Jabal al-Awliya dam, created to regulate the flow of the lower Nile, is 40 kilometers above Khartoum. The waters of the White Nile are used for irrigation. There is fishing. The river is navigable along its entire expanse. There is a railroad drawbridge near the city of Kusti.

REFERENCES

Hurst, H. Nil. Moscow, 1954. (Translated from English.)
Dmitrevskii, Iu. D. Vnutrennie vody Afriki i ikh ispoizovanie. Leningrad, 1967.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Secretary-General of the White Nile State government and chairman of the technical coordination committee for refugee affairs, Al-Tayeb Mohamed Abdallah said his state has so far received 148,065 South Sudanese refugees.
The project is implemented in the three states of Khartoum, White Nile and North Kordofan and aims to build capacity in the education sector by providing the required management skills and training to improve the quality of education in the country.
Kosti City also has the largest population in White Nile State, approximately 210,000 people (2008), and the population is projected to grow to approximately 380,000 by 2024 due to an influx of displaced persons to the surrounding area from South Sudan and Darfur in recent years.
Barrows and Williams traced the long-lost freshwater lake along some 650 kilometres of the White Nile, at points they found that the lake seemed to have stretched to almost 80 kilometres wide.
White Nile is of particular interest following a good run in defeat at York and he must be backed in the concluding Thirsk Racecourse Wedding Fayre 13th October Handicap.
White Nile commenced exploration work on Block Ba in 2005 and continued exploratory activities prior to the NPC's decision to prohibit exploration work in the area, in June 2007, the company added.
The launch in April of the White Nile Sugar Co, in which Kenana holds the largest stake, should help supply the local market and allow Kenana to step up exports by 2014 - a boon because of the gap between the domestic and international prices, Mardi said.
An anabranch river, the Bahr el Zeraf, flows out of the Nile's Bahr al Jabal section and rejoins the White Nile.
1969 Travels the length of the White Nile by hovercraft 1970 Traverses Norway's Jostedalsbreen Glacier 1979 to 1982 Travels globe on its polar axis by land transport 1992 Discovers lost city of Ubar 1993 Attempts to cross the Antarctic unaided 12000 On solo walk to North Pole his sleds fall through ice 2003 Four months after double heart bypass, he does seven marathons in seven days 2005 Attempt on Everest ends when he has a heart attack 2007 Climbs north face of Eiger 2008 Exhaustion ends a second attempt on Everest 2009 Reaches Everest summit
White Nile Ltd (AIM: WNL), a UK-based company that explores for oil and gas in Nigeria, has announced an acquisition of PA Energy Africa Limited (PAEA), a private oil company which operates in Nigeria.
He said the following persons were aware or involved in the deals: late SPLM leader Dr John Garang and (his widow) Madame Rebecca Garang; Riek Machar, Vice-President of the GoSS; Kuol Mangyang Juuk, Minister of Transport in the Khartoum Government of National Unity (GONU) and board member of White Nile Ltd.
White Nile Wants Oil Block Back: UK-listed White Nile is lobbying against a decision to remove it from south Sudan's oil E&P Block B, saying it had halted all drilling work in the swampy area.