white-collar crime

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white-collar crime,

term coined by Edward Sutherland for nonviolent crimes committed by corporations or individuals such as office workers or sales personnel (see white-collar workerswhite-collar workers,
broad occupational grouping of workers engaged in nonmanual labor; frequently contrasted with blue-collar (manual) employees. American in origin, the term has close analogues in other industrial countries.
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) in the course of their business activities. White-collar crimes include embezzlement, false advertising, bribery, unfair competition, tax evasion, and unfair labor practices.

white-collar crime

‘a crime committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of his occupation’. This is the definition which Edwin H. Sutherland gave in his book which started systematic sociological interest in this area: White-collar Crime (1949). Sutherland argues that criminal behaviour is not confined to working-class people. It is frequently, even routinely, found among people of high social status and respectability, but white-collar crimes are rarely treated as such.

Sutherland's focus was on crimes committed by managers and others in the course of their occupations, though the usage has often been broadened to include other areas of middle-class crime. In a study of 70 US corporations Sutherland found a large number of crimes including fraud, misrepresentation, infringe-ments of patents, and others. Much of his evidence did not come from criminal statistics but from the investigations of independent commissions, because very few of the offenders had been prosecuted. Even though the total amounts of money lost to companies, banks, etc., runs into many millions of pounds, it is still the case that white-collar crimes are very much under-represented in the CRIMINAL STATISTICS and are not stigmatized in the way that violent crimes or thefts from individuals are. The importance of Sutherland's work is in correcting common assumptions about the distribution of crime and in qualifying some arguments which have linked crime exclusively to deprivation.

References in periodicals archive ?
In addition to the twenty primary articles--each of which has been updated and improved--the Annual Survey of White Collar Crime is proud to feature an article by Professor Katrice Bridges Copeland of Pennsylvania State University Dickinson School of Law.
I am assured that the resources allocated to the Garda Bureau of Fraud Investigation are sufficient, and I will respond as necessary to any further legislative needs raised by An Garda Siochana or any of the other bodies involved in the investigation and prosecution of white collar crime.
important and consistent themes relevant to white collar crime.
It issues reports and other documents on white collar crime as well as staging seminars and stockpiling research contacts.
The aim of the NW3C in administering the National Public Survey on White Collar Crime was to add broader and more-current information to the insights furnished by prior surveys.
A former federal prosecutor, who now advises white collar criminal defense attorneys, identifies attempts by white collar crime suspects to cover up their crimes as one of their biggest mistakes: "a dangerous pitfall occurs when the client starts falsely denying culpability about the specifics of his alleged offense.
This is an excellent up-to-date book on white collar crime written by a team of three experts in the field of occupational fraud.
The size and scope of the white collar crime problem, however, are not reflected in the nation's indictment and conviction rates.
Welcome to the Twenty-Seventh Annual Survey of White Collar Crime.
For law students and practitioners, this comprehensive overview of white collar crime examines federal statutes relating to this class of criminal activity and provides detailed information on criminal laws, procedures, and remedies related to white collar crime.
HOUSEHOLD is now the victim of white collar crime, according to new research conducted by the National White Collar Crime Center.
In the FBI's New York office, he was assistant special agent in charge (ASAC) for all white collar crime investigations and was later ASAC for violent crimes matters.