adipose tissue

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Related to White fat: brown fat, White adipose tissue, yellow fat

adipose tissue

(ăd`əpōs'): see connective tissueconnective tissue,
supportive tissue widely distributed in the body, characterized by large amounts of intercellular substance and relatively few cells. The intercellular material, or matrix, is produced by the cells and gives the tissue its particular character.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Adipose Tissue


a type of connective tissue in animals, formed from the mesenchyma and consisting of fat cells.

A fat cell, whose specific function is fat accumulation and metabolism, is almost entirely filled with a fat drop surrounded by a ring of cytoplasm. The nucleus is pushed into the periphery. In vertebrates, adipose tissue is found mostly under the skin (subcutaneous), in the omentum, and between organs, forming a soft, elastic padding. The main physiological functions of adipose tissue are to serve as an energy depot (the amount of fat decreases in the cells during starvation and increases when nourishment is increased) and to prevent the body from losing heat. In aquatic mammals living in the cold waters of the arctic and antarctic, the layer of subcutaneous adipose tissue is very thick (as much as 50 cm in some whales). Excessive development of adipose tissue in man leads to obesity.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

adipose tissue

[′ad·ə‚pōs ′tish·ü]
A type of connective tissue specialized for lipid storage.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
"We've lost some of the ability to shunt fat cells toward beige or brown fat, and we're stuck down the white fat pathway," Swain-Lenz said.
Identification of inducible brown adipocyte progenitors residing in skeletal muscle and white fat. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A.
While development of beige adipocytes is highly inducible from precursor cells, there is evidence that mature white fat cells can be changed to beige adipocytes through specific factors [36, 37].
In the fat cells of people who have the obesity-risk variant, ARID5B can't do its job, and the IKK genes crank up production of energy-storing white fat.
More importantly, now that thermogenic fat cells from human fat biopsies can be separated and enriched, primary cultures of these cells along with white fat control cells from the same individual will help us uncover much-awaited information on human thermogenic fat cell regulation and function.
"So finding a way to turn the white fat into "beige" and burn the energy that normally we store would have high therapeutic potential for the treatment of obesity and its related diseases," he added.
"If we manage to find ways to make stem cells develop into brown rather than white fat cells, it may be possible to reduce the development of obesity.
This is the first known study to show that prenatal exposure to low, environmentally relevant concentrations of an obesogen led to transgenerational effects on white fat volume, altered stem cell programming, and liver fat accumulation in multiple generations of mice.
In the simplest of terms, the difference is brown fat burns energy, while white fat stockpiles it.
Brown adipose tissue produces lots of heat by burning calories so, unlike white fat which clings to our hips and expands our ageing waistlines, brown fat keeps the weight off.
Firstly check through all your livers to ensure there are no greeny purple bits and remove as much of the white fat as you can.
Adipotide is designed to target and kill blood vessels supplying white fat tissue.