white-collar crime


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white-collar crime,

term coined by Edward Sutherland for nonviolent crimes committed by corporations or individuals such as office workers or sales personnel (see white-collar workerswhite-collar workers,
broad occupational grouping of workers engaged in nonmanual labor; frequently contrasted with blue-collar (manual) employees. American in origin, the term has close analogues in other industrial countries.
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) in the course of their business activities. White-collar crimes include embezzlement, false advertising, bribery, unfair competition, tax evasion, and unfair labor practices.

white-collar crime

‘a crime committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of his occupation’. This is the definition which Edwin H. Sutherland gave in his book which started systematic sociological interest in this area: White-collar Crime (1949). Sutherland argues that criminal behaviour is not confined to working-class people. It is frequently, even routinely, found among people of high social status and respectability, but white-collar crimes are rarely treated as such.

Sutherland's focus was on crimes committed by managers and others in the course of their occupations, though the usage has often been broadened to include other areas of middle-class crime. In a study of 70 US corporations Sutherland found a large number of crimes including fraud, misrepresentation, infringe-ments of patents, and others. Much of his evidence did not come from criminal statistics but from the investigations of independent commissions, because very few of the offenders had been prosecuted. Even though the total amounts of money lost to companies, banks, etc., runs into many millions of pounds, it is still the case that white-collar crimes are very much under-represented in the CRIMINAL STATISTICS and are not stigmatized in the way that violent crimes or thefts from individuals are. The importance of Sutherland's work is in correcting common assumptions about the distribution of crime and in qualifying some arguments which have linked crime exclusively to deprivation.

References in periodicals archive ?
Sutherland in 1949, published his well renowned classic book named "White-Collar Crime", in which he defined this concept as, "crime committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of his occupation" (Sutherland: 1949).
Global law firm Norton Rose Fulbright announced that it has expanded its white-collar crime, investigations and tax practices in New York with the addition of partners Carlos F.
Thirdly, an office of Anti-Corruption Cooperation should be set up to combat the scourge of white-collar crime. White-collar crimes are devastating the world."
He said that no steps were being taken to curb white-collar crime. 'If they want to obtain results by applying old laws that is not possible as those involved in white collar crimes do not leave any traces'.
Crime: fraud | Tier1 David Gray Solicitors LLP (Newcastle) Kenneth M Barrow & Co (Durham) | Tier2 Hay & Kilner (Newcastle) Benefiting from a close co-operation with the firm's mental health, immigration and family teams, David Gray Solicitors LLP is well equipped to guide individuals and business entities through a wide range of white-collar crime and fraud proceedings including tax, VAT and benefit fraud matters; the latter is a key area of expertise for solicitor Emma Silburn.
Bernsteinwas recognized in the Litigation: White-Collar Crime & Investigations category;Martin S.
The debate is being held in view of the claims made by major political parties that white-collar crime is the biggest hurdle in the development of the country.
An order would not be enough to resolve the grievance of white-collar crime. Such practice is a wastage of time and resources.
The State's corporate enforcement watchdog has Labour chief Howlin admitted it was "severely hampered" in probing white-collar crime as a result of having less than the required number of gardai.
New York, NY, July 25, 2017 --(PR.com)-- The Knowledge Group/The Knowledge Congress Live Webcast Series, the leading producer of regulatory focused webcasts, announced today that it has scheduled a live webcast entitled: White-Collar Crime Enforcement: Legal Trends and Developments in 2017 and Beyond.
Amid (https://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/10/business/dealbook/how-trumps-presidency-will-change-the-justice-dept-and-sec.html) signs that President Trump could go easier on white-collar crime, a former top Justice Department official said the public must carefully watch whether the new administration provides adequate resources for corporate prosecutions.
LAHORE -- Lahore Garrison University's recently established Digital Forensic Research and Service Centre (DFRSC) Monday initiated a special training course of 'Certified white-collar crime investigator' for National Accountability Bureau (NAB) officials.