Reid, Whitelaw

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Reid, Whitelaw,

1837–1912, American journalist and diplomat, b. near Xenia, Ohio. His distinguished correspondence during the Civil War for the Cincinnati Gazette led Horace GreeleyGreeley, Horace,
1811–72, American newspaper editor, founder of the New York Tribune, b. Amherst, N.H. Early Life

His irregular schooling, ending at 15, was followed by a four-year apprenticeship (1826–30) on a country weekly at East Poultney, Vt.
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 to make him managing editor of the New York Tribune in 1868. After Greeley's death, Reid gained financial as well as editorial control of the paper and continued it as a leading journal of the nation. While publishing the Tribune, he was minister to France (1889–92), was the Republican candidate for Vice President in 1892, and was ambassador to Great Britain from 1905 until his death in London. Reid's many books reflect his journalistic and diplomatic activities. After the War (1866) and Ohio in the War (1868) relate to the Civil War; typical of several on foreign affairs is Problems of Expansion (1900).

Whitelaw Reid's son, Ogden Mills Reid, 1882–1947, was the next editor of the paper, assisted and succeeded (1947) by his wife, Helen Rogers Reid, 1882–1970. The couple strengthened the paper by purchasing the New York Herald, creating the New York Herald Tribune (folded 1966). The deal included the Paris Herald, leading to the formation of the International Herald Tribune (now owned and published by the New York Times).

The Reids' sons, Whitelaw Reid, 1913–2009, and Ogden Rogers Reid, 1925–2019, directed the Herald Tribune from 1953 until 1959, after John Hay WhitneyWhitney, John Hay,
1904–82, American public official and newspaper publisher, b. Ellsworth, Maine. After an active career in business and in various government posts, Whitney served (1957–61) as ambassador to Great Britain.
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 acquired control (1958). Ogden Rogers Reid was U.S. ambassador to Israel (1959–61) and in 1962 was elected as a Republican (he became a Democrat in 1972) to the House of Representatives, where he served 6 terms, retiring in 1975.


See R. Kluger, The Paper: The Life and Death of the New York Herald Tribune (1986).

Reid, Whitelaw

(1837–1912) journalist, diplomat; born near Xenia, Ohio. He was a Civil War correspondent for the Cincinnati Gazette, and after abortive attempts with cotton plantations in the South (1865–67), he joined the New York Tribune (1868), becoming its editor-in-chief and eventually its principal owner (1872–1905). As the leading Republican editor in the U.S.A., he was overtly involved in Republican politics and supported expansionism in Cuba, Hawaii, the Philippines, and Panama. Known to harbor political ambitions, he was nominated for the vice-presidency (1892), but had to settle for being appointed ambassador to France (1889–92) and Great Britain (1905–12), and for retiring as a wealthy man.
References in periodicals archive ?
In an 1871 letter to Whitelaw Reid, she protested against being read as a "serial"--as a straightforward whole--insisting that she would "prove the most impossible" of her famously oblique "characters" (151).
He has utilized the unpublished papers of Greeley, Whitelaw Reid, Carl Schurz, and Thurlow Weed--the Republican political boss in Albany and Greeley's mentor--as well as recent secondary work in the field.
The launching ceremony of the Laconia in 1911 was performed by Mrs Whitelaw Reid, wife of the American Ambassador in London.
Dana, Whitelaw Reid, Joseph Pulitzer, Henry Grady, James Gordon Bennett Jr., and Henry Watterson.
The main strength of Kahan's book is this alternate reading, which he has fashioned from a variety of primary sources, including the letters of Mergenthaler's business associates, Whitelaw Reid, J.O.
A letter to Whitelaw Reid (20 April 1873; previously unpublished) blurts out: "I am not a man of trifling literary consequence." This self-assertion would eventually bring painful consequences.
Benjamin Harrison for reelection and Whitelaw Reid of New York for the vice presidency.
Royal Cortissoz wrote The Life of Whitelaw Reid (2 v.
Whitelaw Reid of the New York Tribune ran and lost as Benjamin Harrison's running mate in 1892; and Chicago Daily News editor and publisher Frank Knox went down with Alf Landon as the Republican nominee against Franklin Roosevelt in 1936 (but later served as FDR's secretary of the navy).