Whitney Museum of American Art

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Whitney Museum of American Art,

in New York City, founded in 1930 by Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney with a core group of 700 artworks, many from her own collection. The museum was an outgrowth of the Whitney Studio (1914–18), the Whitney Studio Club (1918–28), and the Whitney Studio Galleries (1928–30). Opened to the public in 1931, the museum has actively supported American art and continues its support through the purchase and exhibition of the work of living artists. Its extensive permanent collection contains some 22,000 sculptures, paintings, drawings, prints, photographs, and multimedia works and installations. The collection is particularly rich in works by Charles Burchfield, Alexander Calder, Marsden Hartley, Edward Hopper, Gaston Lachaise, Reginald Marsh, Agnes Martin, Louise Nevelson, and Georgia O'Keeffe. Biennial shows of works in various media provide comprehensive reviews of each year's American art. Since 2015, the museum has been located in downtown Manhattan in a spacious building designed by Renzo PianoPiano, Renzo
, 1937–, Italian architect, b. Genoa. Piano attended architecture school at Milan Polytechnic, graduating in 1964. The prolific Piano has been lauded for responding to the needs of each building site rather than cleaving to a single architectural style and has
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. Its brutalist-style Madison Avenue building, which was designed by Marcel BreuerBreuer, Marcel Lajos
, 1902–81, American architect and furniture designer, b. Hungary. During the 1920s he was associated, both as student and as teacher, with the Bauhaus in Germany.
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 and opened in 1966, is now leased to the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Bibliography

See A. D. Weinberg, American Art of the Twentieth Century: Treasures of the Whitney Museum of American Art (1997); F. M. Biddle, The Whitney Women and the Museum They Made: A Family Memoir (1999); M. L. Anderson, American Visionaries: Selections from the Whitney Museum of American Art (2002).

References in periodicals archive ?
Cooper Robertson, noted architects of museums and cultural facilities, has announced that its design for the Whitney Museum of American Art achieved a LEED Gold certification from the U.
Engineering News-Record recently named the Whitney Museum of American Art among their Best of the Best projects for 2015.
WHITNEY MUSEUM OF AMERICAN ART * October 30, 2015-February 7, 2016 * Curated by Michael Auping with Adam D.
NEW YORK -- Police say a vandal has marred the walls of New York City's Whitney Museum of American Art for a second time in two months as it prepares to move.
His work features in the collections of The National Gallery, The Tate and The Victoria & Albert Museum in London, as well as The Museum of Modern Art and Whitney Museum in New York, and in the private hands of stars such as Jerry Hall and Kate Moss.
Delta Air Lines (NYSE:DAL) on Wednesday announced a new sponsorship where it will become the official and exclusive airline of the Whitney Museum of American Art.
New York - Mayor Bloomberg will speak at the Whitney Museum of American Art's ground breaking ceremony today.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art has finalized a deal to lease the Whitney Museum of American Art's Upper East Side building when the Whitney opens its Meatpacking District location in 2015, the Wall Street Journal reported.
Forty blocks up Madison, neighbours of the Whitney Museum successfully fought to save the skin of an unremarkable brownstone house with nothing behind it, preferring this Potemkin gesture to the elegant new entrance proposed by Piano as part of his recent remodelling scheme.
Published in conjunction with a 2005 exhibition organized by the Whitney Museum of Art, this catalog highlights the work of contemporary artist Banks Violette, who is inspired by the subculture of heavy metal and other apocalyptic rock music.
Master of Fine Arts in hand, fame soon followed her: a MacArthur "genius" grant, shows at the Whitney Museum, MOMA and Guggenheim just touch the surface of Walker's achievements.
Now for the first time, modern art enthusiasts can explore the art of this exceptional and versatile American artist in Tim Hawkinson by Lawrence Rinder (Adjunct Curator, Whitney Museum of American Art).