whooping crane

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crane

, in zoology
crane, large wading bird found in marshes in the Northern Hemisphere and in Africa. Although sometimes confused with herons, cranes are more closely related to rails and limpkins. Cranes are known for their loud trumpeting call that can be heard for miles and for the rhythmic, jumping dances both males and females perform during mating season. They eat small animals, grain, and other vegetable matter. The North American whooping crane, a white bird almost 5 ft (1.5 m) tall, was nearly extinct by the 1940s. Many have since been raised in captivity and new populations in the wild have been fostered, although the bird is still endangered. Most migratory whooping cranes winter at Aransas Bay, Tex. The migratory populations of the sandhill crane, about 4 ft (1.2 m) tall with gray plumage, winter west of the Mississippi River; they are noted for their large congregations along the Platte River in Nebraska during migration. The crowned crane of Africa has bright, contrasting colors. At the beginning of the 21st cent. there were 15 species of crane in the world, 11 of them endangered. Cranes are classified in the phylum Chordata, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Gruiformes, family Gruidae.

Bibliography

See P. Matthiesen, The Birds of Heaven: Travels With Cranes (2001).

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whooping crane

[′hu̇p·iŋ ‚krān]
(vertebrate zoology)
Grus americana. A member of a rare North American migratory species of wading birds; the entire species forms a single population.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Historically, whooping cranes were wide-ranging in North America, occurring from central Canada south to Mexico and from Utah to the Atlantic coast and numbering from 15,000 to 20,000 individuals.
Clegg is an independent wildlife biologist who has worked with cranes for 20 years and has a dream of using ultralights to start a whooping crane flock in the Rocky Mountain area.
This is not the first time whooping cranes have been seen in the county.
ENDANGERED SPECIES | WHOOPING CRANE | SPECIES PROTECTION | ECOSYSTEMS | CONSERVATION
Fecal corticoid monitoring in whooping cranes (Grus americana) undergoing reintroduction.
Port Aransas, TX, January 17, 2018 --(PR.com)-- Registration is open for the annual Whooping Crane Festival scheduled for February 22-25, 2018 in Port Aransas, Texas.
In 2001, the Service established a second migratory population of whooping cranes in the eastern United States and designated it as a "non-essential, experimental population." Young-of-the-year whooping cranes raised in captivity were taught to migrate from Wisconsin to Florida, following ultralight gliders.
(1.) Maurer, Joan; Reichenberg Betsy; Kelley, Cristin; and Hartup, Barry K., "The Effects of Anticoagulant Choice and Sample Processing Time on Hematologic Values of Juvenile Whooping Cranes" (2010).
Since 2010 captive-bred whooping cranes have been re-introduced to southwestern Louisiana.
From South Africa to the Arctic, footprints confirm that cranes have been vocalizing their deep-throated call (whooping cranes have sixty-two-inch tracheas) for sixty million years.
of twenty-three endangered whooping cranes. (4) The cranes had died as