Knut Wicksell

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Wicksell, Knut

 

Born Dec. 20, 1851, in Stockholm, died there May 3, 1926. Swedish economist.

After graduating from the University of Uppsala in 1884, Wicksell taught political economy at the University of Lund from 1900 to 1916. In his studies and research on the theory of value, he attempted to unite the theory of the Austrian school on marginal utility with the mathematical school’s theory of prices. Wicksell is also notable as the author of works on finance, monetary circulation, and credit. His re-searches on the influence of bank credit and the discount rate on the average level of commercial prices and the fluctuation caused by the interplay of market forces were the basis of the so-called credit theory of business conditions. Wicksell also spoke out as an ardent neo-Malthusian.

WORKS

Über Wen, Kapital, und Rente … . Jena, 1893.
Vorlesungen Uber Nationalokonomie auf Grundlage des Marginal-prinzipes, vols. 1-2. Jena, 1913-22.
Finanztheoretische Untersuchungen nebst Darstellung und Kritik. Jena, 1896.
Geldzins und Guterpreise. Jena, 1898.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Specifically, studies have offered promising results regarding the efficacy of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT), and Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) with issues such as depression (Grossman, Niemann, Schmidt, & Walach, 2004; Ma & Teasdale, 2004; Teasdale et al., 2000; Vowles & McCracken, 2008), anxiety disorders (Dalrymple & Herbert, 2007; Grossman et al., 2004), borderline personality traits (Dimeff & Koerner, 2007), chronic pain (Dahl, Wilson, & Nilsson, 2004; Wicksell, Melin, Lekander, & Olsson, 2009), eating disorders (Wisniewski, Safer, & Chen, 2007), and epilepsy (Lundgren, Dahl, Melin, & Kies, 2006).
He describes his methodology, then offers a chronologically arranged retrospective survey beginning with Aristotle and ending with Jean Baptiste Say (1767-1832), Knut Wicksell, and metallism and chartalism.
ACT interventions have also been used with adolescents who suffer from chronic health conditions, such as pain conditions (Greco, Blomquist, Acra, & Moulton, 2011; Wicksell, Melin, & Olsson, 2007).
De esta lectura Buchanan se dejo permear como nunca antes, reconociendo que "la influencia de Wicksell quizas haya sido la mas significativa, pero sin las ensenanzas de Knight y sin mi conversion a una perspectiva catalectica, posiblemente el mensaje de Wicksell no me habria convencido tanto" (1994, p.
Gymnospermae, Pteridophyta, Bryophyta) Almqvist and Wicksell, Stockholm.
Believability has been established as a good differential variable between acceptance-based and cognitive control-based protocols in the literature on coping with pain (Gutierrez et al., 2004; Hayes et al., 2006; McCracken et al., 2005; Wicksell, Dahl, Magnusson, & Olsson, 2005).
This situation has changed only modestly in the years since Wicksell voiced his lament.
In Wicksell's corpuscle problem (Wicksell, 1925), the prediction of maximum size of spherical particles was studied by Drees and Reiss (1992) and Takahashi and Sibuya (1996; 1998; 2001) while the behaviour of minimum size was investigated in Kotzer and Molchanov (2006).
Knut Wicksell ([1935] 1978, 6) referred to episodes of economic disruption in a paper money standard:
Current ACT research shows promising outcomes for challenging cases with clients displaying psychotic features (Bach & Hayes, 2002; Gaudiano & Herbert, 2006), generalized anxiety disorder (Dalrymple & Herbert, 2007), epilepsy (Lundgren, Dahl, & Hayes, 2008; Lundgren, Dahl, Melin, & Kies, 2006; Lundgren, Dahl, Yardi, & Melin, 2008) chronic pain (Vowles & McCracken, 2008; Wicksell, Melin, Lekander, & Olsson, 2009), obsessive--compulsive disorder (Twohig, Hayes, & Masuda, 2006), depression (Forman, Herbert, Moitra, Yeomans, & Geller, 2007), and trichotillomania (Woods, Wetterneck, & Flessner, 2006).
El trabajo de Friedrich von Hayek se sustenta en las siguientes consideraciones cardinales en materia de ciclos economicos: 1) se nutre en los trabajos de Mises acerca de las variaciones de la oferta de dinero; 2) el rechazo a la teoria cuantitativa del dinero; 3) la aceptacion de la idea de los precios relativos expuesta por Cantillon (2002[1959]); 4) la idea de "proceso acumulativo" de Wicksell.