Ernst Wiechert

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Wiechert, Ernst


Born May 18, 1887, in Forsthaus; died Aug. 24, 1950, in Uerikon, Switzerland. German writer.

Wiechert’s novels Escape (1916) and The Wolf of the Dead (1924) and his poems, stories, and essays are written from a bourgeois-individualist standpoint. The situation in Germany after World War I is depicted in the novels The Major’s Wife (1934), A Pastoral Short Story (1935), Forests and People (1936), and Tobias (1938). In 1938, Wiechert was imprisoned for two months in the Buchenwald concentration camp for opposing Hitlerism, after which he was forbidden to publish. From 1948 he lived in Switzerland. He published a book about Buchenwald, The Forest of the Dead (1946), and the novel Children of Hieronymus (1945-47; published in English as The Earth Is Our Heritage). Wiechert’s last works were the memoirs Years and Times (1948) and the short story“The Judge” (1948).


Sämtliche Werke, vols. 1-10. Vienna, 1957.
Rede an die deutsche Jugend. Berlin, 1947.


Fradkin, I. Literatura novoi Germanii, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1961.
Bekenntnis zu Ernst Wiechert: Ein Gedenkbuch zum 60 Geburtstag des Dichters. Munich, 1947.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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