Wiechert, Ernst(ĕrnst vē`khĕrt), 1887–1950, German novelist. His works, distinguished by a poetic prose style, generally deal with his native East Prussia and the upheavals of the world wars. They include Die Magd des Jürgen Doskocil (1932, tr. The Girl and the Ferryman, 1947), Der Totenwald (1945, tr. The Forest of the Dead, 1947), and Missa sine nomine (1950, tr. 1953). Also of interest is the autobiographical novel Wälder und Menschen (1936).
Born May 18, 1887, in Forsthaus; died Aug. 24, 1950, in Uerikon, Switzerland. German writer.
Wiechert’s novels Escape (1916) and The Wolf of the Dead (1924) and his poems, stories, and essays are written from a bourgeois-individualist standpoint. The situation in Germany after World War I is depicted in the novels The Major’s Wife (1934), A Pastoral Short Story (1935), Forests and People (1936), and Tobias (1938). In 1938, Wiechert was imprisoned for two months in the Buchenwald concentration camp for opposing Hitlerism, after which he was forbidden to publish. From 1948 he lived in Switzerland. He published a book about Buchenwald, The Forest of the Dead (1946), and the novel Children of Hieronymus (1945-47; published in English as The Earth Is Our Heritage). Wiechert’s last works were the memoirs Years and Times (1948) and the short story“The Judge” (1948).
WORKSSämtliche Werke, vols. 1-10. Vienna, 1957.
Rede an die deutsche Jugend. Berlin, 1947.
REFERENCESFradkin, I. Literatura novoi Germanii, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1961.
Bekenntnis zu Ernst Wiechert: Ein Gedenkbuch zum 60 Geburtstag des Dichters. Munich, 1947.
S. D. KOMAROV