Wieland, Heinrich,1877–1957, German chemist, Ph.D. Univ. of Munich, 1901. Wieland was a professor at the Technical Univ. of Munich from 1913 to 1921, the Univ. of Freiburg from 1921 to 1925, and the Univ. of Munich from 1925 to 1950. In 1927 Wieland received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for determining the molecular structure of bile acids, which are produced by the liver. His work provided insight into the mechanism by which bile acids aid in the resorption of food in the intestines and led to the establishment of the close relationship between cholesterol and the bile acids.
Born June 4, 1877, in Pforzheim, Baden; died Aug. 5, 1957, in Starnberg. German organic chemist and biochemist. Studied in Stuttgart, Berlin, and Munich. Doctor of philosophy (1901), extraordinary professor (1909), member of the Council of Organic Chemistry of the University of Munich (1913), and simultaneously from 1917, an ordinary professor of the Advanced Technical School in Munich.
Wieland became a professor at the University of Freiburg in 1917 and replaced R. Wilstetter as head of the organic chemistry department of the University of Munich in 1925. Wieland’s main works are on the chemistry of hormones, steroids, alkaloids, and bile acids, and also on chlorophyll and hemoglobin. He advanced (at the same time as W. I. Palladin) a theory of dehydrogenation that explains the mechanism of oxidation reactions, including biological oxidation. In 1927, Wieland was awarded a Nobel Prize for his research into the structure of bile acids and analogous com-pounds.
WORKS“Untersuchungen iiber die Gallensauren.” Hoppe-Seyler’s Zeitschrift fur die physiologische Chemie, 1916-17, vol. 98. Pages 59-64. (With H. Sorge.)
“Untersuchungen iiber die Konstitution der Gallensauren.” Hoppe-Seyler’s Zeitschrift fur die physiologische Chemie, 1932, vol. 210, pp. 268-81; vol. 211, pp. 261-74. (With E. Dane and E. Scholz.)
Über den Verlaufder Oxydationsvorgange. Stuttgart, 1933.
In Russian translation:
Prakticheskie raboty po organicheskoi khimii, 3rd ed. Leningrad, 1930. (With L. Hatterman.)
REFERENCEPoggendorff, I. C. Biographisch-literarisches Handworterbuch … , vol. 6, part 4. Berlin, 1939. Page 2876.
S. S. KRIVOBOKOVA