Henryk Wieniawski

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Wieniawski, Henryk


Born July 10, 1835, in Lublin; died Mar. 31 (Apr. 12), 1880, in Moscow. Polish violinist and composer.

Wieniawski graduated from the Paris Conservatory in 1846 in J. L. Massart’s violin class and in 1850 in H. Colet’s composition class. From 1848 he toured many European countries, and during 1872-74 he performed in the USA with A. G. Rubinstein. Between 1860 and 1872, Wieniawski was court soloist. From 1862 to 1868 he was a professor at the St. Petersburg Conservatory and from 1875 to 1877, at the Brussels Conservatory.

Wieniawski was one of the most important representatives of the romantic performing art. A virtuosic scope, rhythmic force, and flights of fantasy were combined in his playing with an intimate lyricism. Wieniawski enriched the violin repertoire with his own works, especially his development of the violin genre piece and artistic étude. His concerti, polonaises, mazurkas, and other pieces were distinguished by the national characteristics of Polish instrumental style. Tchaikovsky saw in Wieniawski an “inimitable violinist of his kind and a gifted composer.” Wieniawski died during a concert tour of Russia. International music competitions have been named after Wieniawski (a competition for violinists in Warsaw from 1935, revived in 1952 in Poznań; since 1957, for composers and violin masters as well).


Iampol’skii, I. Genrik Veniavskii. Moscow, 1955.
Grigor’ev, V. Genrik Veniavskii. Moscow, 1966.
Henryk Wieniawski: Kronika zycia. Kraków, 1967. (Contains a dis- cography, pp. 285-91.)


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Talented 12-year-old Ela Kallides, a violinist at the CyYSO, makes her solo debut in Wieniawski's highly virtuosic and marvellously expressive 2nd violin concerto, while Tchaikovsky's 5th Symphony is the perfect match for the romantic tone of the evening, "a striking work" that "seems to spring from some dark spiritual experience," as Russian critic and composer Berezovsky most eloquently wrote.
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The 90-minute performance saw the duo play 10 pieces of music by renowned composers Fritz Kreisler, Jules Massenet, Igor Stravinsky, Pablo De Sarasate and Vittorio Monti, and violinists Niccolo Paganini and Henryk Wieniawski, along with a selection of traditional Japanese songs.
She returned later with two attractive and entertaining pieces by Wieniawski. These gave the soloist ample opportunity to display her impressive technique including doublestops and chromatic glissandos, while delivering the melodies with passion and glamorously sculpted lines.
Even as he pursues his violin studies in Europe, Chino is also an avid recitalist, having given his first solo recital at age 10, performing works of Bach, Mozart, Paganini, Sarasate, Wieniawski, and Kreisler to public and critical acclaim.
Louis Spohr, Paganini, Heinrich Wilhelm Ernst, Charles Auguste de Beriot, Henri Vieuxtemps, and Henri Wieniawski are first; Felix Mendelssohn, Joseph Joachim, Max Bruch, and Johannes Brahms follow; a third section covers Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky and nationalism; and Jean Sibelius and Edward Elgar complete the chapter.
Minneapolis, MN, February 17, 2016 --(PR.com)-- The Minnesota Sinfonia presents "Father and Son" on March 4th and 5th, featuring Itamar Zorman performing selections by Henryk Wieniawski and Antonin Dvorak, as well as Hora, a piece written by his father, Moshe Zorman.
Vengerov, born in Novosibirsk, Russia, in 1974, emerged as a child prodigy who quickly went on to win competitions (the Wieniawski at 10 and the Carl Flesch at 15), becoming a celebrated soloist on major classical stages.
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