John Henry Wigmore

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John Henry Wigmore
BirthplaceSan Francisco, California, USA
Known for Wigmore chart

Wigmore, John Henry,

1863–1943, American legal educator, b. San Francisco, grad. Harvard (B.A., 1883; M.A. and LL.B., 1887). He taught (1889–92) Anglo-American law at Keio-Gijuku Univ., Tokyo. After 1893 he was a professor of law at Northwestern Univ.; from 1901 to 1929 he was dean of the law faculty. Wigmore is especially noted for his monumental work usually known as Treatise on Evidence (4 vol., 1904; 3d ed., 10 vol., 1940; suppl. 1964). This work is at the same time a lawyer's manual of practice and an incisive and highly critical survey of the law of evidence. His shorter works on evidence include books usually cited as The Code of Evidence (3d ed. 1942) and Students' Textbook of Evidence (1935). Out of Wigmore's interest in comparative law came his Panorama of the World's Legal Systems (3 vol., 1928; repr., 3 vol. in 1, 1936).
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Wigmore, John Henry

(1863–1943) law educator; born in San Francisco. Educated at Harvard, fluent in many languages, he taught law in Tokyo (1889–92). In 1893 he became a law professor at Northwestern University, becoming dean of its law school (1901–29). He was noted for his prolific legal writings, chief of which is his ten-volume Treatise on the Anglo-American System of Evidence (3rd ed. 1940). He was a founder and first president of the American Institute of Criminal Law and Criminology (1909–10).
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.