Wilbur Wright


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Wright, Wilbur:

see Wright BrothersWright brothers,
American airplane inventors and aviation pioneers. Orville Wright 1871–1948, was born in Dayton, Ohio, and Wilbur Wright, 1867–1912, near New Castle, Ind.
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Wright, Wilbur

aviation pioneers, inventors. The sons of a minister (later bishop) of the United Brethren Church, they showed mechanical genius from boyhood, although neither bothered to graduate from high school. In 1892 they opened a bicycle sales and repair shop in Dayton, Ohio, and soon were making and selling their own bicycles. Reading about experiments with gliders spurred their interest in flight, and they built their first glider in 1899, a biplane kite with wings that could be twisted mechanically. The brothers made their first trip to Kitty Hawk, N.C., in 1900 to conduct glider experiments on the sand hills there. Back in Dayton they built the first wind tunnel and prepared their own tables of lift-pressures for various wing surfaces and wind speeds. They also built a powerful four-cylinder engine and an efficient propeller, and in September 1903 they returned to Kitty Hawk. Bad weather delayed the testing of this aircraft until December 17, 1903, when Orville piloted it on a flight of 12 seconds and 120 feet; Wilbur flew later in the day, staying aloft for 59 seconds to cover 852 feet. The brothers built two sturdier, more reliable planes over the next two years and in 1906 received a U.S. patent for a powered aircraft. Initially they sold their plane to the British and French governments, but in 1908 the U.S. War Department contracted for a Wright flying machine for the army. In 1909 they formed the American Wright Company and proceeded to manufacture their improved planes and to train pilots. Wilbur, a bachelor as was his brother, died of typhoid in May 1912. In 1915 Orville—who had continued to test fly all his planes—retired from the aircraft manufacturing business to pursue his own research interests. During World I he accepted a commission as a major to serve as a consultant to the army air service and he served for many years on the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Men become wise just as they become rich, more by what they save than by what they receive." - Wilbur Wright
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With Taylor participating in such a historic achievement, one would think his name would be mentioned in the same breath and sentence with Orville and Wilbur Wright, but such is not the case.
For more information on Wilbur Wright College and other innovative programs, visit the Web site at http://wright.ccc.edu.
Orville and Wilbur Wright achieved this amazing feat on December 17, 1903, and our concept of travel was forever changed.
Starting with the one-page requirement issued to Orville and Wilbur Wright for the first military heavier-than-air flying machine, the acquisition system arrived at a point in the 1980s when military contracts were no longer measured by the page but by the linear foot, maybe even by the pound as some skeptics suggested.
Along the way they also meet an assorted bunch of characters from Prince Hapi (Schwarzenegger), the Balloon Man (Richard Branson, who else), Queen Victoria (Kathy Bates) and pioneer airmen Orville and Wilbur Wright (Luke and Owen Wilson).
In 1909, aviation pioneer, Wilbur Wright, piloted the first flight over water from Governors Island.
THE WRIGHT BROTHERS LEGACY: Orville and Wilbur Wright and Their Aeroplanes WALT BURTON AND OWEN FINDSEN
He graduated with a nearly straight-A average in his senior year, and went on to earn a degree in anthropology from Wilbur Wright College.
Wilbur Wright sat glumly in the stern of a small, wooden dinghy watching with growing trepidation the ever-increasing amount of oily water sloshing between the ribs of the tiny craft.