Wild Roses

Also found in: Dictionary, Medical.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Wild Roses


(in Russian, shipovnik), species of wild plants of the family Rosaceae. The plants are usually erect shrubs; there are some arboreal forms of medium height and some almost herbaceous plants. Lianas are rare. The stems and branches usually have thorns. The leaves are usually deciduous and odd-pinnate with paired adnate stipules. Very rarely are the leaves simple and exstipulate. The flowers most frequently are not double, but occasionally they are double to some degree. The inflorescences are corymbose or corymbose-paniculate; the flowers are solitary or, sometimes, in pairs or larger groups. Wild roses occur in the northern hemisphere, mainly in temperate and subtropical regions and in the mountains of the tropics. The plants grow in forest and steppe zones, reaching the alpine belt in the mountains. They usually occur on the edges of forests, in shrubby thickets, along rivers and streams, on damp and steppe meadows, and on slopes and rocky placers.

There are about 350 to 400 species (according to other data, 100 to 250), including 250 (according to other data, 60 to 150) in the USSR. Many species are endemics. Wild roses are a valuable source of vitamins. The fruits of some species accumulate large quantities of vitamin C, together with other vitamins. Particularly large quantities of vitamin C are found in the cinnamon rose (Rosa cinnamomea), the prickly rose (R. acicularis), and the Japanese R. rugosa. Wild roses are used extensively as ornamental hedges and as stock for cultivated roses. The fruit is used as a food in fresh, dry, or canned form.

The dried ripe fruits of various species are used medicinally as raw materials for vitamins. The pulp is used in tincture, syrup, candy, or lozenge form mainly for treating vitamin deficiencies. An oil extract and oil are used externally to treat trophic ulcers and some disorders of the skin and mucous membranes. Kholosas, a cholagogous substance, is made from a concentrated water extract of the fruits of Rosa canina.


Iuzepchuk, S. V. “Roza (shipovnik).” In Flora SSSR, vol. 10. Moscow-Leningrad, 1941.
Khrzhanovskii, V. G. Rozy: Filogeniia i sistematika. Moscow, 1958.
Saakov, S. G., and D. A. Rieksta. Rozy. Riga, 1973.
Klášterský, I. “Rosa L.” In Flora Europaea, vol. 2. Cambridge, 1968.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
His high estimation of many of North America's wild roses wasn't isolated.
Wild roses do not need chemical inputs and that the other flowers must be grown organically 'because chemical inputs are not good for the health,' she stressed.
Wild roses will thrive in any fertile, moist but well-drained soil in sun or light, dappled shade.
Predating this emblematic meaning, wild roses had similar significance in Rome, when hung above a door where confidential matters were being discussed; referred to as "sub rosa" (7) or "Under the Rose", its presence reminded the participants of the need for secrecy and silence beyond the door.
Many scrub sycamores need removing/properly pruning along this stretch and the wild roses cutting to ground level to promote re-growth.
Wild roses clamber up tulip poplars and pink roses grow around a hollow stump.
From wild roses to hybrid teas, cool and calming colours to vibrant and gaudy, there is a rose to suit every garden.
The wild roses' job is to shelter strawberry leafrollers, a secondary host on which the wasps rely for room and board when the temperatures drop.
She appeared as a corpse in the video for Where The Wild Roses Grow, her hit with scary- looking singer Nick Cave.
Galls are round growths on oak leaves, wild roses and other native plants.
Yet it is clear that some wild roses, especially the sweet briar or eglantine, had a sweet, though not powerful, fragrance, and could be culled for distillation and conservation when better, red, roses were not available: their `virtues' were identical.(10) Also, as Hilliard's famous miniature and Sir Arthur Gorges's poems to his `fair Eglantine' suggest, the wild rose had, if anything, even stronger aristocratic and poetic connections than the red garden rose.(11) The absolute distinction drawn in Sonnet 54 between `The rose', which symbolizes the kind of beauty which is reinforced by inward `truth', and `canker blooms', which offer only an empty and transient appearance of colour, does not seem to correspond well with a contrast between garden roses and wild roses.