mutant

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mutant

an animal, organism, or gene that has undergone mutation

Mutant

 

a hereditarily altered form of an organism that differs from the original type in some abnormality that arose through mutation.

Organisms with hereditary changes that appear suddenly have been known for several hundreds of years. For example, at the end of the 18th century a mutant form of sheep with short legs appeared. It later became the first of the Ancona breed. After the discovery of artificial mutagenesis in the 1920’s and 1930’s, numerous mutants of microorganisms, plants, and animals were obtained and used both for actual breeding purposes and for experiments designed to determine patterns in the mutation process. Both the biochemistry of genetics and many metabolic processes were elucidated by means of biochemical mutants that had lost the capacity of the original, wild type microorganism to synthesize essential compounds, such as vitamins, amino acids, and nitrogenous bases.

S. M. GERSHENZON

mutant

[′myüt·ənt]
(genetics)
An individual bearing an allele that has undergone mutation and is expressed in the phenotype.

mutant

(programming)
Microsoft's term for a mutex which is generally used in user mode but can also be used in kernel mode. According to this terminology a mutex is only used in kernel mode.

["Microsoft Windows NT Workstation Resource Kit"].
References in periodicals archive ?
During recombination, when the altered gene replaces the wild-type gene, the ES cell's genetic material will be carried with the mutated gene because of its close linkage.
For example, disruption of a candidate gene should abolish the ability of the mutated pathogen to elicit disease in an animal model of infection, and reintroduction of the wild-type gene should reestablish virulence.
An example of weaker signals from the wild-type gene can be observed in the V600R spectrum in Fig.
The resulting PCR product differs from the wild-type gene in having a two-base insertion.
The wild-type probe specifically hybridized with the adamantane-labeled PCR product from the wild-type gene sequence and gave a high fluorescent signal for a single patient without the mutation (840 [+ or -] 175 cps/s, n = 10 determinations or two independent PCR reactions performed in 5 separate assays) and for a single heterozygote (550 [+ or -] 163 cps/s) with the factor V Leiden mutation.