Wilderness Road


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Wilderness Road,

principal avenue of westward migration for U.S. pioneers from c.1790 to 1840, blazed in 1775 by the American frontiersman Daniel BooneBoone, Daniel,
1734–1820, American frontiersman, b. Oley (now Exeter) township, near Reading, Pa.

The Boones, English Quakers, left Pennsylvania in 1750 and settled (1751 or 1752) in the Yadkin valley of North Carolina.
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 and an advance party of the Transylvania CompanyTransylvania Company,
association formed to exploit and colonize the area now comprising much of Kentucky and Tennessee. Organized first (Aug., 1774) as the Louisa Company, it was reorganized (Jan., 1775) as the Transylvania Company.
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. Feeders from the east (Richmond, Va.) and the north (Harpers Ferry, W.Va.) converged at Fort Chiswell in the Shenandoah valley. Boone's road ran southwest from there through the valley, then W across the Appalachian Mts. and through Cumberland GapCumberland Gap,
natural passage through the Cumberland Mts., near the point where Virginia, Kentucky, and Tennessee meet. The gap was formed by the erosive action of a stream that once flowed there. It was explored and named in 1750 by Dr.
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 into the Kentucky bluegrass region and to the Ohio River. The road followed old buffalo traces and Native American paths, but much of it had to be cut through the wilderness. In the early years, many travelers fell victim to hostile Native Americans.

After Kentucky became a state in 1792, the road was widened to accommodate wagons. Private contractors, authorized to keep up sections of the road, charged tolls for its use. With the building of the National Road, the Wilderness Road was neglected and finally abandoned in the 1840s. Since 1926 the Wilderness Road has been a section of U.S. Route 25, the Dixie Highway.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Wilderness Road

pioneer route from eastern Virginia to Kentucky. [Am. Hist.: Hart, 924]
See: Journey
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
With its habitat now further marginalized, hope for the species' future came when plans to modify Wilderness Road were cancelled.
In this new frontier context there are new wilderness roads to which and along which we are sent to bear witness to the reign of God, which broke into the world in and through the person of Jesus Christ.
The novel narrates the end of the adolescence of protagonist Diony Hall in Albemarle County, on the upper waters of the James river in Virginia; her marriage to the hunter Berk Jarvis; their journey to Kentucky in 1777 along the Wilderness Road through Camberland Gap; the trials and tribulations at Fort Harrod, where they stay before building their own house in the wilderness; the scalping of Berk's mother, Elvira, by the Shawnees; Berk's capture by the same tribe during his vengeful journey in search of Indian scalps; the Enoch Arden situation, created by Berk's unexpected return after being given up for dead, by which time Diony had married another man, which forces her to choose between two husbands.
--Levi Jackson Wilderness Road State Park (http://parks.ky.gov/stateparks/lj/details.htm)
The portion of the Wilderness Road that crossed Cumberland Mountain was destroyed by highway construction in the early 1900s.
She meant what was left of the old wilderness road - a trace of the Trace, Dad called it.
I can't say what compelled me to head so far north; maybe it was the allure of the wilderness road. I obliged my wife and nine-year-old son to come along, claiming a perfectly healthy, if somewhat unusual, interest in arctic birds.
Daniel Boone began blazing the Wilderness Road, from Fort Chiswell in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia, southwest then west through the Cumberland Gap into Kentucky and to the Ohio R., where Boone established a fort and terminal station he named Boonesborough.
In later years he became more interested in writing what he calls "plays derived from the people's history, their legends, folk-customs and beliefs, their hopes and ideals, and producing them in hillside amphitheatres built for that purpose." Among these pieces, which he calls "symphonic dramas," are: The Lost Colony (1937); <IR> THE COMMON GLORY </IR> (1947); Faith of Our Fathers (1950); Wilderness Road (1955); The Founders (1957); The Confederacy (1958); Stephen Foster (1959); Texas (1966); Drumbeats in Georgia (1973); Louisiana Cavalier (1976); and We the People (1976).
The work will involve building an off-road cycle route along Wokingham Road, between Cemetery Junction and the borough boundary in Wilderness Road.
The Wilderness Road was living up to its name yesterday IAN COOPER
On page 14, your students can locate Boone's Wilderness Road and other early westward routes on a map of the U.S.

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