Wilfred Owen


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Owen, Wilfred,

1893–1918, English poet, b. Oswestry, Shropshire. He served as a company commander in the Artist's Rifles during World War I and was killed in France on Nov. 4, 1918, one week before the armistice. Owen's poetic theme, the horror and pity of war, is set forth in strong verse that transfigured traditional meters and diction. Nine of these poems are the basis of the text of Benjamin Britten's War Requiem (1962). Although Owen had worked on poems while living in France between 1913 and 1918, he never published. While on sick leave from the front in a Scottish hospital, he met the poet Siegfried SassoonSassoon, Siegfried,
1886–1967, English poet and novelist. A heroic and decorated officer in World War I, he nonetheless expressed his conviction of the brutality and waste of war in grim, forceful, realistic verse—The Old Huntsman (1917), Counter-Attack
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, who encouraged him to publish in magazines. He did, but these efforts were cut short by his return to the front. Two years after his death Sassoon arranged for the publication of 24 poems (1920).

Bibliography

See his collected poems (1931, 1963, and 1973); collected letters, ed. by his brother, Harold, and J. Bell (1967); biography by A. Orrmont (1972); J. Potter, Wilfred Owen: An Illustrated Life (2014); study by G. M. White (1969).

References in periodicals archive ?
WIRRAL The unveiling and exhibition launch will take place at The Wilfred Owen Story, 34, Argyle Street, Birkenhead, CH41 6AE on Saturday, March 17, at noon.
Wilfred Owen again: "If you could hear, at every jolt, the blood come gargling from frothcorrupted lungs.
Wilfred Owen as a boy and in Dunsden, probably in 1912, courtesey: The Bodleian Library, University of Oxford, Owen Collection (English Faculty Library).
Phil Gwilliam plays Wilfred Owen, while Chloe Torpay is his mother Susan.
By the grace of chance, I survived my war, and in an odd way I have indeed become a Wilfred Owen of sorts, a chronicler in verse of the war I fought.
But as millions in Britain and around the world bow their heads in silent reverence today to mark the 90th anniversary of the signing of the armistice to end World War I, there are calls for a LIVING memorial to Wilfred Owen.
Wilfred Owen came from the distinctly unromantic northern urban lower-middleclass.
Frunze, Hermann Goring); scientists, designers, and engineers (Edwin Lutyens, Charles Myers, John Brodie); writers and intellectuals (Rudyard Kipling, Ian hay, John Maynard Keynes); names well known at the time, at least in some places and circles, but since then less so (diplomat Cecil Arthur Spring-Rice, photographer William Rider-Rider); and people relatively obscure during the war but later famous for contributions during the war or its immediate aftermath (the poet Wilfred Owen, Tasker Howard Bliss), or thereafter (historian Marc Bloch).
Many of your staff will be familiar with Wilfred Owen and his anti-war writings.
Britten planned to write solo parts for singers from three of the combatant countries involved in that conflagration (England, Germany, the Soviet Union), but the work, a masterpiece that juxtaposes parts of the Catholic mass for the dead with verses by World War I poet Wilfred Owen, has transcended its origins.
What came marching back was an army of memorable novels, poems, and memoirs--A Farewell to Arms, the poems of Wilfred Owen, Robert Graves' Good-bye to All That, Siegfried Sassoon's Memoirs of an Infantry Officer.