Wilhelm Röpke

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Röpke, Wilhelm

 

Born Oct. 10, 1899, in Schwarmstedt, Germany; died Feb. 12, 1966, in Geneva. Swiss economist.

Röpke received his higher education at the universities of Göttingen, Tübingen, and Marburg. From 1922 to 1929 he taught at the universities of Marburg, Jena, and Graz and from 1930 to 1932 was in governnment service. He was a professor at the University of Istanbul from 1933 to 1937 and a professor at an institute of international studies in Geneva from 1937 to 1966. In the early 1930’s he joined the advocates of the theories of regulated capitalism in calling on the bourgeois state to play an active role in economic life. In the late 1930’s he moved to a position of neoliberalism.

Röpke was one of the founders of the theory of the social market economy. He devoted a great deal of attention to questions of international economic and currency-credit relations, market conditions, and economic crises. He proposed removing quantitative and currency restrictions on trade between nonsocialist countries and supported freedom of currency convertibility and the elimination of regional economic blocs. A militant apologist for capitalism and an ardent foe of socialism, Röpke recommended that the bourgeois governments follow a discriminatory trade policy in relation to the socialist countries, particularly the USSR.

WORKS

Die Konjunktur. Jena, 1922.
Die Theorie der Kapitalbildung. Tübingen, 1929.
Civitas Humana. Erlenbach-Zürich, 1944.
Internationale Ordnung. Erlenbach-Zürich, 1945.
Explication économique du monde moderne. Paris, 1946.
1st die deutsche Wirtschaftspolitik richtig? Stuttgart-Cologne, 1950.

N. P. DRACHEVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Wilhelm Ropke (1899-1966): A Liberal Political Economist and Conservative Social Philosopher
Similarly, on Strote's own account the tension between Protestant and Catholic notions of a morally founded economic order, exemplified by the neoliberal economist Wilhelm Ropke and the Jesuit social thinker Oswald von Nell-Breuning, did not lead to consensus but to an increasingly embittered Ropke.
Consider two men whose thought may point the United States in the right direction: the German economist Wilhelm Ropke and the Austrian-turned-American management scholar Peter Drucker.
Among the thinkers whose works Koronacki invokes most often are Russell Kirk, Thomas Molnar, Peter Lawler, Claes Ryn, Wilhelm Ropke (while lamenting the scarcity of conservative writings on economics), Orestes Brownson, and the neoconservative Francis Fukuyama.
Less well-known than Tocqueville was the German-Swiss economist Wilhelm Ropke. More than anyone else, Ropke influenced the economic thinking of Ludwig Erhard, who directed the push for free markets that led to the German economic miracle following World War II.
Asi se gesta un movimiento cultural, en hombros de hombres como Von Hayek, Ludwig von Mises, Milton Friedman, Gary Becker, Richard Posner, entre muchos otros, y que incluso tiene en el ordoliberalismo aleman de autores como Wilhelm Ropke y Alfred Muller-Armack una version mas moderada.
So, on the one hand, he borrows liberally from the ideas of Aristotle, the Scottish philosophers Adam Ferguson and David Hume, American radical individualist Albert Jay Nock, and the German free-market social thinker Wilhelm Ropke. On the other hand, he treats the theories of progressive and socialist philosophers such as John Rawls, Cass Sunstein, Martha Nussbaum, G.A.
As the German economist Wilhelm Ropke drily observed, "When we speak of 'service' to the consumer, we obviously have in mind not St.
Wilhelm Ropke (October 10, 1899 - February 12, 1966) was a professor of economics, first in Jena, then in Graz, Marburg, Istanbul, and finally Geneva, Switzerland.
Sigmund, Wilhelm Ropke, and Russell Kirk of a society separated from both the land and traditional family models.
Lautenbach, Wilhelm (1952) Zins, Kredit und Produktion, a collection of Essays and Letters between 1924-1947 with bibliography, edited by Wolfgang Stutzel, preface by Wilhelm Ropke, Tubingen: J.C.B.
The founding ordo-liberal thinkers were Walter Eucken (1891-1950), Alexander Rustow (1885-1963), Wilhelm Ropke (1899-1966) and Alfred Muller-Armack (1901-78).