Wilhelm Roux

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Roux, Wilhelm


Born June 9, 1850, in Jena; died Sept. 15, 1924, in Halle. German anatomist and embryologist.

Roux graduated from the University of Jena. He was a professor at the universities of Breslau (from 1879), Innsbruck (from 1889), and Halle (from 1895 to 1921). On the basis of his research on the individual development of animals, Roux founded developmental mechanics. He did not limit himself to just describing developmental stages but attempted to elucidate what produced these stages. In 1885 he began an experimental study of embryonic development, predominantly in amphibians. Despite the mechanistic and, in a number of Roux’s followers, idealist way of treating the phenomena of individual development, the developmental mechanics promoted the accumulation of factual material in experimental embryology.

In 1894, Roux founded the journal Archiv für Entwicklungsmechanik der Organismen (Archives for the Developmental Mechanics of Organisms), which was posthumously named in his honor (W. Roux Archiv…).


Gesammelte Abhandlungen über Entwicklungsmechanik der Organismen, vols. 1–2. Leipzig, 1895.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Fornari further claims that this criticism of Spencer and the related development of Nietzsche's own evolutionary physiology of competing instincts (which would later become his theory of the "will to power") derived largely from his sympathetic readings of Karl Semper's and Wilhelm Roux's alternative theories of evolution.
Information, available hitherto mainly in scattered articles, about his responses to Wilhelm Roux, W.