Wilhelm Wien

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Wien, Wilhelm


Born Jan. 13, 1864, in Gaffken, East Prussia; died Aug. 30, 1928, in Munich. German physicist. Graduated from the University of Berlin in 1886. From 1892 to 1896 he was an assistant professor at the University of Berlin, from 1896 to 1899 a professor at the polytechnic in Aachen, and after 1900 a professor at the Universities of Wiirzburg and Munich.

In 1893, Wien derived theoretically the law for the radiation of a blackbody and showed that the radiation energy maximum shifts along the spectrum as the temperature in-creases. He received the Nobel Prize in 1911.

Wien did research on the deflection of canal rays in electric and magnetic fields and developed a method of measuring the duration of the luminescence of free atoms. He is one of the authors of the multivolume work Handbook of Experimental Physics.


“Über die Energieverteilung im Emissionsspektrum eines schwarzen Körpers.” Annalen der Physik und Chemie, 1896, vol. 58, fasc. 8.
“Methode zur Priifung des Strahlungsgesetzes absolut schwarzer Körper.” Annalen der Physik und Chemie, 1895, vol. 56, fasc. 11. (With O. Zummer.)


Rüchardt, E.“Zur Erinnerung an Wilhelm Wien bei der 25. Wiederkehr seines Todestages.” Naturwissenschaften, 1955, vol. 42, no. 3.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The German physicist Wilhelm Wien (1864-1928) demonstrated this by actually measuring the wavelengths.