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(vĭl'hĕlmē`nä), 1880–1962, queen of the Netherlands (1890–1948), daughter and successor of William III. Her mother, Emma of Waldeck-Pyrmont, was regent until 1898. Wilhelmina married (1901) Prince Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (d. 1934), who played no active part in the government. The Salic law then having application in Luxembourg, the personal union of that grand duchy with the Netherlands was abrogated at her accession. The queen probably had a large share in the maintenance of Dutch neutrality in World War I and in the granting of asylum to William II of Germany after the war. When the Netherlands was invaded (May, 1940) by the Germans in World War II, Wilhelmina fled to England with her government; she made her formal return to the Netherlands in May, 1945. In 1948, after celebrating the 50th anniversary of her reign amid rejoicings that reflected her great popularity, Wilhelmina abdicated in favor of her daughter, Queen Juliana.


See her autobiography (tr. 1960).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Among others who cruised on the yacht were Crown Princess Martha of Norway, Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands, and Crown Prince Gustav of Sweden.
Shortly after World War II, Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands answered an urgent knock on the door of the Lincoln bedroom.
Bryn James was cremated last week with full military honours having served with the Welsh Guards and spent time aboard the allied destroyer that rescued Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands.
Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands, who fled to England when her country was invaded by the German Army, funded Baginton Hostel.