William Bateson

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bateson, William


Born Aug. 8, 1861, in Whitby; died Feb. 8, 1926, in Merton. English biologist; one of the founders of genetics, the name of which he proposed in 1907.

Bateson graduated from Cambridge University and was a professor there from 1908 to 1910. In 1910 he became director of the Institute of Horticulture in Merton. His first studies were devoted to the phylogeny of chordates (1884-86). Bateson energetically disputed the inheritance of acquired characteristics, the discontinuous nature of variation, and the doctrine of the purity of gametes. In 1905 he proposed the “presence-absence” theory in an attempt to explain the appearance of new characteristics in organisms by the suppression of inhibiting factors. Bateson founded the English Journal of Genetics in 1910.


Materials for the Study of Variation. London, 1894.
Mendel’s Principles of Heredity, 3rd ed. Cambridge, 1913.
Problems of Genetics. London, 1913.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nora had known Gregory Bateson since he was a child and she had worked with his father William Bateson. She had a long relationship with Fisher, who invited her to work with him on her problem of inheritance in trimorphic flowers.
Meanwhile Nora continued her scientific genetics research with William Bateson, while raising their six children.
(2) William Bateson, Mendel's Principles of Heredity (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1909).
As Charles Darwin's contemporary William Bateson showed, sometimes the system and its environment coevolve, as in the case of horses and grasslands.
Wallace, Ernst Haeckel, Robert Hooke, Matthias Schleiden, Theodor Schwann, William Bateson, Stephen Jay Gould, and Richard Dawkins.
Ultimately, this classic example of dominance needs qualification, as noted already in 1909 by one of Mendel's greatest promoters, William Bateson (pp.