William Carr Beresford

(redirected from William Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford)
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Beresford, William Carr


Born Oct. 2, 1768; died Jan. 8, 1854, in Bedgebury, Kent. English general.

In 1808, Beresford entered the service of the Anglo-Portuguese forces on the Iberian Peninsula. He was a Portuguese marshal and commander in chief of the Portuguese army from 1809. After his triumph over the army of the French marshal Soult at La Albuera (1811), he became the actual ruler of Portugal. In 1820, after setting off for Brazil for negotiations with the Portuguese king Joāo VI, he was not allowed back into Portugal, from which the English had been expelled as a result of a revolution.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.