Sir William Blackstone

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Blackstone, Sir William,

1723–80, English jurist. At first unsuccessful in legal practice, he turned to scholarship and teaching. He became (1758) the first Vinerian professor of law at Oxford, where he inaugurated courses in English law. British universities had previously confined themselves to the study of Roman law. Blackstone published his lectures as Commentaries on the Laws of England (4 vol., 1765–69), a work that reduced to order and lucidity the formless bulk of English law. It ranks with the achievements of Sir Edward Coke and Sir Matthew Hale, Blackstone's great predecessors. Blackstone's Commentaries, written in an urbane, dignified, and clear style, is regarded as the most thorough treatment of the whole of English law ever produced by one man. It demonstrated that English law as a system of justice was comparable to Roman law and the civil law of the Continent. Blackstone has been criticized, notably by Jeremy Bentham, for a complacent belief that, in the main, English law was beyond improvement and for his failure to analyze exactly the social and historical factors underlying legal systems. Blackstone's book exerted tremendous influence on the legal profession and on the teaching of law in England and in the United States. In his later life Blackstone resumed practice, served in Parliament, was solicitor general to the queen, and was a judge of the Court of Common Pleas.

Bibliography

See The Sovereignty of the Law, selections from Blackstone's Commentaries, ed. and with an introd. by G. Jones (1973); biography by O. A. Lockmiller (1938); J. Bentham, A Comment on the Commentaries (ed. by C. W. Everett, 1928); P. Lucas, Essays in the Margin of Blackstone's Commentaries (1962).

References in periodicals archive ?
HeinOnline Legal Classics - includes more than 10,000 complete works from some of the greatest legal minds in history including Joseph Story, Jeremy Bentham, William Blackstone, William Holdsworth, Henry Maine, Federick William Maitland, Frederick Pollock, Benjamin N.
This doctrine is based on the writings of the jurist Henry de Bracton (1210-68) and William Blackstone (1773-68) an English Jurist.
For good measure, he drew at length from the works of William Blackstone, whom all young lawyers read and revered.
The essay began merely as a small section of Tucker's magnum opus, a "republicanized" edition of the unparalleled legal treatise, Commentaries on the Laws of England by Sir William Blackstone.
Neither did William Blackstone nor John Locke, yet the framers freely acknowledged their influence on the Constitution and American law.
This Great Charter was the basis on which jurists such as Edward Coke and William Blackstone rejected the divine right of kings and developed their rights-oriented approach toward legal theory.
In describing that system, the great English jurist William Blackstone said, "Better that 10 guilty persons escape than that one innocent suffer.
The confusion springs from a section in the state standards that identifies Moses - along with William Blackstone, John Locke and Charles de Montesquieu - as an individual whose principles informed the nation's founding documents.
In his influential four-volume Commentaries on the Laws of England, which were originally published between 1765 and 1769, Sir William Blackstone (1723-80) recognized Magna Carta as "the great charter of [our] liberties," but he also expressed his belief that it contained "very few new grants" and mostly declared "the principal grounds of the fundamental laws of England.
Colonial Americans understood, like Sir William Blackstone, that "[e]very new tribunal erected, for the decision of facts, without the intervention of a jury .
On one hand England followed the discourse articulated by William Blackstone that property is "that sole and despotic dominion which one man claims and exercises over the external things of the world, in total exclusion of the right of any other individual in the universe" (qtd.
The marble friezes above the Supreme Court chamber depict 18 great lawgivers, including Moses, Solomon, King John and William Blackstone.