William Butterfield


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William Butterfield
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Butterfield, William,

1814–1900, English Gothic-revival architect. Favored by the Ecclesiological Society for his Puginlike correctness in recalling Gothic forms, Butterfield rose to prominence in the middle of the 19th cent. The brilliant polychromy that he created through his combinations of brick, stone, and tile (e.g., All Saints' Church, London; 1849–59) introduced the High Victorian Gothic manner. The softer hues of the interior and the variously textured stone of the church at Baldersby St. James near Beverley in Yorkshire (1856) mark what is perhaps Butterfield's finest church. General interest in polychromy soon waned, but Butterfield continued in this mode with Keble College, Oxford (1868–70), and several buildings at Rugby School (1868–72).
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References in periodicals archive ?
Once the most maligned of British architects, William Butterfield is now, in his bicentenary year, rightly celebrated as a great Victorian innovator.
The church was built in 1852/53 by the trustees of the late Sir John Ramsden and is designed by William Butterfield.
Now these have gone and a great parvis (with Flinders Street roaring through it) is opened in front of William Butterfield's St Paul's Cathedral.
St Augustine's was the work of distinguished Victorian architect William Butterfield who also designed Keble College in Oxford.
Rugby School chapel was designed by Henry Hakewill in the early 19th century and radically changed and extended by William Butterfield 30 years later.
The building was designed by the architect William Butterfield and built by the celebrated Huddersfield builder Joseph Kaye.
An 1879 claret jug (2) can be seen as a pared-down variant of an 1862 gothic silver and glass flagon designed by William Butterfield. (3) But at his most creative, for example in the series of dramatic geometric teapots for Dixon's, Dresser transcends his influences and makes designs that are very much his own.
His eponymous college, the first entirely new foundation since Wadham in 1610, sough to create an establishment where 'men of liberal education may find all the advantages of a College combined with economy and simplicity of living.(1) Although Keble died in 1866, by 1882 his posthumous monument had been spectacularly realised in the neo-medieval manner by William Butterfield. The arrangement of regimented rooms along corridors marked a significantly break with the Oxford tradition of external stairs leading to groups of rooms.
Members of the church work hard all year round to raise money to maintain the Grade II listed building, which was designed by architect William Butterfield and built by Joseph Kaye in 1853.