William Edward Parry

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Parry, William Edward


Born Dec. 19, 1790, in Bath, England; died July 8, 1855, in Bad Ems, Prussia. English arctic explorer.

Parry led three expeditions aboard two ships in search of the Northwest Passage. In 1819–20 he discovered at 74°N lat. Lancaster Sound, Barrow Strait, Viscount Melville Sound, Somerset Island (taken for a peninsula), and the islands of Cornwallis, Bathurst, Melville, and Banks. He was the first to trace the southern shore of Devon Island and the northern coast of Baffin Island. In 1821–22 he discovered the Fury and Hecla Strait, proving that Baffin Island is in fact an island and that the northeastern projection of the mainland forms the Melville Peninsula. In 1823–24 he passed through Prince Regent Inlet, thus completing the discovery of the coasts of Baffin Island.


Journal of a Voyage for the Discovery of a North- West Passage. London, 1821.
Journal of a Second Voyage. London, 1824.
Journal of a Third Voyage. London, 1826.


Magidovich, I. P. Istoriia otkrytiia i issledovaniia Severnoi Ameriki. Moscow, 1962.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Cook, Sir John and Lady Jane Franklin, Sir Francis Leopold McClintock, Sir George Nares, Sir William Edward Parry, Sir James Clark Ross, and John Rae.
of Alberta, Canada, provide a catalog to go with an exhibition held there from May to August 2008 that details 59 books and maps published from 1565 to 1983 by Arctic explorers such as James Cook, George Vancouver, John Franklin, William Edward Parry, George Back, Elisha Kent Kane, and William Gilkerson.
Sir John Franklin, the prime fool of the time, and others such as William Edward Parry - who inspired a young Emily Bronte - and their companions braved freezing temperatures and near-starvation like a badge of honour.
In her introduction, Eber notes that a disproportionate number understandably pertain to the expeditions that had the most interaction with Inuit: William Edward Parry's second voyage 1821-23 (to Igloolik), John Ross's second voyage 1829-33 (to the area of Thom Bay, halfway down the east coast of Boothia Peninsula), and Roald Amundsen's successful voyage in a fishing smack through the northwest passage 1903-6 (including his two winters on King William Island at what became the village of Gjoa Haven).
A particularly fascinating example of these acquisitions is a sketchbook by George Francis Lyon, who accompanied William Edward Parry on his second voyage to the Arctic in 1821-22.
I would like to know if any of your readers have any information on a William Edward Parry who was a publican in 1963 living at 98 Scotland Road.
He was followed by William Edward Parry who discovered the entrances to Admiralty and Navy Board inlets.
Looking out across an ice-choked channel 65 miles (104.6 km) wide (now called McClure Strait), he saw Melville Island, which William Edward Parry had reached from the Atlantic in 1819.
Bernier's greatest moment came on July 1, 1909, when he erected a plaque at Winter Harbour on Melville Island in the Northwest Passage, first reached from the Atlantic by William Edward Parry in 1819.
One, under David Buchan and John Franklin, was ordered to repeat Phipps's attempt--with almost identical results; the other, under John Ross and William Edward Parry, attempted the Northwest Passage via Baffin Bay.